SECONDARY PRODUCTION OF SCOLELEPIS GOODBODYI (POLYCHAETA: SPIONIDAE) IN A TROPICAL SANDY BEACH IN THE SOUTHWESTERN ATLANTIC, BRAZIL

Luciana Sanches Dourado Leão, Abílio Soares Gomes, Cinthya Simone Gomes Santos, José Roberto Botelho de Souza

Abstract


The secondary production is the result of the functional response of populations subject to various environmental factors. Marine habitats vary in terms of quantity and quality of food supply, and the use of secondary production values, as well as renewal rates (P/B), may be used as estimates for understanding the incorporation of organic matter and energy per unit, population or community in each area. This estimative was performed for the population of Scolelepis goodbodyi in a tropical beach in the Southwestern Atlantic, located in an upwelling area. A comparison of Spionidae and non-spionid populations from different latitudes was also done. The Mass Specific Growth Rate method (MSGR) and the Production/Biomass ratio (P/B) were used to estimate the somatic annual production and average annual biomass. The mean density and biomass were 16.38 ind. m-2 and 2.78 g AFDW m-2,respectively. The secondary production and P/B were 8.3 g AFDW m-2 y-1 and 2.98 y1, respectively. The growth rate in weight was greater for the small size than the large size classes. The largest individuals (W3C = 1.0 mm) showed the lowest biomass and secondary production values. The observed high rates of secondary production and P/B suggest that this S. goodbodyi population can transfer large amounts of biomass to higher trophic levels of the local food web. Studies of the secondary production of spionidae populations in different latitudes, including the population of S. goodbodyi in the beach of Manguinhos, showed variability in their rates probably due to the differences of several factors such as life history and environmental variability

Keywords


Invertebrates; Macrobenthos; Latitudinal gradient; Productivity; Population dynamics

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References


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