Consistency analysis of mechanical properties of elements produced by FDM additive manufacturing technology

Bojan Banjanin, Sebastian Baloš, Magdolna Pál, Miroslav Dramićanin, Milan Rackov, Ivan Kneţević


Additive manufacturing (AM) technology refers to the process of producing 3D objects by adding material in
successive layers. Fused deposition modeling (FDM) is one of the AM technologies where objects are built
by adding layers of melted thermoplastic filament onto the printing surface. Mechanical properties of FDM
printed part depend on many influencing factors such as material composition, extruding temperature,
printing parameters and environment temperature.
The aim of this study was to investigate consistency of mechanical properties of elements produced by FDM
additive manufacturing technology. To do so, mechanical tensile and compression tests were conducted on
ten samples using polylactic acid (PLA) and ten samples using acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)
thermoplastic material. Tensile tests were conducted using Shimadzu Compact Tabletop Testing Machine
EZ-LX and the compression tests were done using VEB ZDM 5/91 testing machine. The ultimate tensile
strength, strain, Young modulus and compression yield strength values were analyzed. The ABS
thermoplastic material showed greater consistency in mechanical properties during tensile tests. Tensile
strength values for PLA material varied between samples thus showing greater inconsistency in repeatability
of mechanical properties. Compression tests, on the other hand, showed that PLA samples had greater
consistency in mechanical properties compared to ABS samples.
Keywords: additive manufacturing, FDM, mechanical properties.

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