Characterization of new selective coatings, made of granite and chrome, for solar collectors

Felipe Alves Albuquerque Araújo Alves Albuquerque Araújo, Francisco Nivaldo Aguiar Freire, Diego Caitano Pinho, Kaio Hemerson Dutra, Paulo Alexandre Costa Rocha, Maria Eugênia Vieira da Silva

Resumo


The depletion of fossil fuel reserves and climate change caused by atmospheric pollution has led the human
being to seek alternatives that are less damaging to the environment. The concern and the awareness of the
population open space for the study of renewable energies to be deepened, among them the best use of solar
energy.
The use of alternative materials to replace selective surfaces is a natural trend, since improvements in
surface efficiency are usually sought while attempting to reduce costs. Composite substances are already
used to obtain some selective surfaces, and, as a result, the search for better processes awakens research on
more appropriate and lower cost materials, which represents a great scientific potential in the evolution of
these technologies.
Thus, the present work consisted in obtaining and studying selective surfaces for applications in lowcost
flat plate solar collectors, using residues from the granite industry. Five different surfaces were studied,
varying the weight percentage: 100% granite powder, 75% granite powder + 25% chromium oxide, 50%
granite powder + 50% chromium oxide, 25% granite powder + 75% chromium oxide and 100% chromium
oxide.
For the tests, an experimental wooden stand was built, and it was possible to simulate the conditions
of a flat plate solar collector. To characterize the surfaces, scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques,
infrared analysis, X-ray diffraction and UV-VIS absorbance determination, as well as graphs with surface
temperatures and with radiation, during the tests in the sun, were used.
The surfaces` efficiency was determined by the ratio of the absorptivity by the emissivity, as well as
the trademark MRTiNOX, a commercial selective surface applied on copper substrate. For this, an efficiency
of 23.56 was obtained, while for the 50% granite and 50% chromium surfaces the value of 23.27 (closest to
the trade mark) was calculated. Therefore, replacing the traditional components of selective surfaces with
granite proved to be a satisfactory solution, contributing to the reduction of costs with work involving solar
energy.
Keywords: solar energy; selective surface; granite; chromium oxide; efficiency.

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