A study on the compressive strength and microstructure characteristic of alkali-activated metakaolin cement

Mehmet Karatas, Murat Dener, Mehrzad Mohabbi, Ahmet Benli

Resumo


The main purpose of this study was to investigate the compressive strength and microstructure characteristic
of alkali-activated metakaolin cement (AAMC). In accordance with this purpose, besides the pure metakaolin
activation five other mixtures were designed by substitution of different OPC ratios instead of metakaolin
(MK) from 0 to 25 (5, 10, 15, 20, 25% OPC). AAMC was activated with sodium silicate (Na2SiO3) of
modulus Ms = SiO2/Na2O = 3.1 and NaOH solutions (32% of NaOH, 68% of water by mass). The ratio of
liquid/solid (L/S) was kept constant at 0.65. All specimens were cured at 70 °C for 72 hours then kept in
room conditions until the days that experiments were performed. Compressive strength and UPV experiment
tests were carried out on all specimens at different curing periods of 3,14,28 and 90 days. In addition, the
microstructure of 28 days alkali-activated metakaolin cements were analyzed with scanning electron
microscope (SEM). The results showed that AAMC specimens reached the desired strength and major part of
the final strength was gained at the end of 3 days of curing.
Keywords: Alkali activated cement; Geopolymer; Metakaolin, microstructure, UPV

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