Experimental determination of the level of damage suffered by rigid PVC pipes under quasi-static impact load

Fokam Bopda Christian, Kenmeugne Bienvenu, Mansouri Khalifa, Tchotang Theodore, Fogue Medard, Meva’a Lucien


This paper presents a approach to determining the level of damage on rigid PVC pipes (polyvinyl chloride),
destined for the supply of drinking water, and previously subjected to quasi-static impact. The originality of
the work has been to experimentally characterize the level of damage via readily measurable physical
quantities obtained under operating conditions. For this purpose, a wide range of experiments were
performed. Firstly, trials involving impact with a hemispherical--end hammer weighing 16kg, dropped from a
height of between 0 -- 2m on portions of rigid PVC pipe. Thereafter, the dimensions of the affected area on
the portions of the pipe are measured using a Tridimensional Measuring Machine (TMM). Finally, tensile
tests on flat test pieces from around the impacted area of the pipe section were used to determine the postimpact
residual mechanical strength. This investigation on post-impact properties allows the definition of the
level of damage reached via the unified theory model of Bui Quoc. By analogy to the latter, the damage is
expressed as a function of the area of the impacted section.

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