Influence of basal plane domains in the tribological behavior of graphites
Many dynamic engineering systems have interferences and interactions that causes wear under friction effect. Carbonaceous materials, such as polycrystalline graphites, are of great interest in engineering systems due to their inherent lubricant properties and their versatility as a material for applications in the areas of mechanics, transportation, energy systems and sensitive technologies. In this work the tribological behavior of three identical pairs, pin-on-disc, of commercial polycrystalline graphites were evaluated, in a controlled environment at 20 °C and 50 % RH. Results of tribological behavior were correlated considering the prevalence of basal plane, identified by polarized light optical microscopy, as a function of the tribological behavior, measured by tests with pin on disc tribometer. The results showed that the coefficient of friction behavior is directly related to the basal plane mosaic domain and the extension of the damage generated on this plane due to the contact between the tribological pair. The materials studied presented an increase in the friction coefficient values, 0,10; 0;13 and 0,23 with increasing area of the basal plane mosaic domain, respectively 55; 64 and 81% respectively.
Keywords: basal plane, coefficient of friction, graphite, tribological behavior
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