A volta do Estado: aprendendo com os BIC? O Estado de transformação: volta, renovação, ou redescoberta?

Linda Weiss

Resumo


A crise financeira global expôs a  fraqueza  da teoria econômica dominante e de políticas desregulatórias, maculou o modelo de laissez-faire do capitalismo, e precipitou uma reavaliação generalizada do papel do estado no controle do mercado. Enquanto a experiência dos BICs que oferece um poderoso modelo de ativismo do estado que transcende o Consenso de Washington, está em boa companhia. Um exame das experiências do passado e do futuro do Nordeste da Ásia (NEA) e dos Estados Unidos contesta, por um lado, vários mitos relativos ao pretenso desaparecimento do estado desenvolvimentista, e por outro, a chegada de um estado neoliberal. Enquanto o NEA oferece um modelo bem estudado do avanço industrial (catch-up) orientado pelo estado, que o neoliberalismo teria relegado ao lixo da história, os Estados Unidos fornecem um modelo substituto de supremacia tecnológica patrocinado pelo estado, que poucos desejam reconhecer.


Palavras-chave


Papel do Estado; Estado Desenvolvimentista; Estado Híbrido; BIC; Estados Unidos

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Referências


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