Emerging and hybrid: the cases of turkish and brazilian market economies

Isik Ozel

Resumo


Este artigo examina as maneiras em que a economia de mercado turca evoluiu para uma forma híbrida marcado por características não- liberais. Explorando a dinâmica de continuidade e mudança em termos de configurações institucionais, o artigo analisa algumas das principais tensões entre as instituições antigas e novas nesta economia de mercado emergente, que atingiu níveis notáveis de crescimento na última década, mesmo no contexto do curso de crise global. Estabelece comparações entre a Turquia e o Brasil sobre o surgimento de variedades híbridas de capitalismo na transição do desenvolvimento liderado pelo Estado aos processos de abertura de mercado. O artigo afirma que, comparado com o seu homólogo brasileiro, a economia de mercado turca é mais próxima de economias de mercado patrimoniais e estatista, mais do que os liberais, e quase que constantemente passa por uma vacilação entre institucionalização e desinstitucionalização.


Palavras-chave


Variedades de capitalismo; Transições de mercado; Economia de mercado liberal; Turquia; Brasil; BRICs

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


ADAMAN, F., A. ÇARKOĞU and B. ŞENATALAR. 2007. “Corruption from the Perspective of Turkish Business, Istanbul: TESEV Publications.

AKTAR, A. (2006) Türk Milliyetçiliği, Gayrımüslimler ve Ekonomik Dönüşüm, Istanbul: İletişim.

ALPER, E. and O, HATIPOĞLU, 2009. The Conduct of Monetary Policy in Turkey: in the pre and post-crisis period of 2001 in comparative perspective: A Case for Central Bank independence” in ÖNIŞ, Z. and F. ŞENSES, eds.,2009. Turkey and the Global Economy, Neo-liberal Restructuring and Integration in the Post-Crisis Era, London: Routledge, pp.50-72.

ARARAT, m. and m. UĞUR. 2003. “Corporate Governance in Turkey: An Overview and Some Policy Recommendations,” Corporate Governance, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp.58-75.

ATIYAS, I. 2009. “Recent Privatization Experience in Turkey, A Reappraisal” in Öniş, Z. and F. Şenses, eds.,2009. Turkey and the Global Economy, Neo-liberal Restructuring and Integration in the Post-Crisis Era, London: Routledge, pp.101-122.

BANKING REGULATION And SUPERVISION AGENCY oF TURKEY, Statistics (http://www. bddk.org.tr/websitesi/english/Statistical_Data/Statistical_Data.aspx

BECKER, u. 2011. “Comparing Institutional Change of the BRIC political economies. Theoretical considerations and first empirical results,” Paper presented at the Annual SASE Meeting, Madrid, June 24, 2011.

BARKEY, Henri. 1990. The State and the Industrialization Crisis in Turkey, Boulder, San Francisco, Oxford: Westview Press.

BIRTEK, F. and B. TOPRAK (eds.). 2011. The Post-Modern Abyss and the New Politics of Islam: Assabiyah Revisited-Essays in Honor of Şerif Mardin, Istanbul: Bilgi University Press.

BOSCHI, R. 2011. “Politics and Trajectory in Brazilian Capitalist Development: Recent trends”, Paper presented at the International Seminar: Rethinking Capitalist Development in Emerging Countries”, Rio de Janeiro, October 19-21, 2011.

BOSCHI, R. and C. H. SANTANA. 2012. Development and Semi-periphery:

Post-neoliberal Trajectories in South America and Central Eastern Europe, London and New York: Anthem Press.

BRESSER-PEREiRA, L. C. 1990. “A Pragmatic Approach to State Intervention: The Brazilian Case,” CEPAL Review / Revista de la CEPAL, no.41, August 1990: 45-53.

BUĞRA, Ayse and ÇAĞLAR K.. 2003. “New Poverty and The Changing Welfare Regime of Turkey,” Ankara: UNDP.

THE CENTRAL BANK OF TURKEY, Statistics (http://www.tcmb.gov.tr/yeni/eng/)

DEMIRAĞ, Istemi and MEHMET Serter. 2003 “Ownership Patterns and Control in Turkish Listed Companies,” Corporate Governance, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 40-52.

DURAN, BURHANETTIN and YILDIRIM, Engin (2005) “Islamism, Trade Unionism and Civil Society: The Case of Hak-İş Labour Confederation in Turkey”, Middle Eastern Studies, 41: 2, pp. 227- 247.

DÜŞKÜN, yeliz. 2009 “Party Positions and Privatization in Turkey” unpublished Masters Project. Sabancı University, Istanbul.

ERCAN, m. and ÖNIS, Z. 2001. “Turkish Privatization: Institutions and Dilemmas” Turkish Studies, Vol. 2 , No.1.

GÖCEK, Fatma m. 1996. Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

GÜNEŞ-AYATA, 1994. A. “Roots and Trends of Clientelism in Turkey” in Roniger, L and Ayse Gunes-Ayata, eds. Democracy, Clientelism and Civil Society, Lynne Rienner.

HALL, P. and d. SOSKICE. 2001. “An Introduction to Varieties of Capitalism”, in Hall P. and D. Soskice (eds), Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

KALAYCIOĞLU, Ersin, 1994. “Unconventional Political Participation in Turkey and Europe:

Comparative Perspectives”, Il Politico, anno LIX, no.3, pp.503-523

KARAHANOĞULLARI, o. (1998). “Kanun Hükmünde Kararnamenin Niteliği,” Amme İdaresi

Dergisi, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp.41-62.

KAZGAN, gulten. 2004. Tanzimat’tan 21. Yuzyila Turkiye Ekonomisi, Istanbul: Bilgi Universitesi

kEydER, Caglar. 1987. State and class in Turkey: a study in capitalist development, New York: Verso, pp.141-228.

kIngSTonE, Peter. 1999. Crafting Coalitions for Reform, Penn State Press.

koSE, A. H. and E. yEldAn. 1998. “Disa Acilma Surecinde Turkiye Ekonomisinin Dinamikleri: 1980-1997,” Toplum ve Bilim, 77, pp. 45-68.

kRuEgER, Anne. 1995. “Partial Adjustment and Growth in the 1980s in Turkey,” in Dornbush, Rudiger and Sebastian Edwards eds., Reform, Recovery and Growth, Latin America and Middle East, Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

kRuEgER, A. 1974. “The Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society,” The American Economic Review, 64 (3): 291-303.

kuŞ, B. and I. oZEl 2010. “United We Restrain, Divided We Rule: Neoliberal Reforms and Labor Unions in Turkey and Mexico” (with Basak Kus), European Journal of Turkish Studies, 11, Fall 2010.

lEvI-FAuR, d. (2011) ‘Regulation and regulatory governance’, in Levi-Faur, D. (ed.) Handbook on the Politics of Regulation, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2011, pp. 3–21.

mEllo, Brian (2010) “(Re)Considering the Labor Movement in Turkey”, European Journal of Turkish Studies, 11, Fall 2010

ÖkTEn, Çağla. 2006. “Privatization in Turkey, What has been achieved?” in S. Altug and A. Filiztekin (eds.), The Turkish Economy: The Real Economy, Corporate Governance and Reform, London: Routledge-Curzon, pp. 227-251.

ÖNDER, nilgun (1999) The Political Economy of the State and Social Forces: Changing Forms of State Labour Relations in Turkey. PhD Thesis. Canada: York University.

ONIS, Ziya. 2004. “Turgut Ozal and His Economic Legacy: Turkish Neoliberalism in Critical Perspective,” Middle Eastern Studies, 40: 4.

ÖNIŞ, ZIYA and FIKRET ŞENSES eds., “Turkey and the Global Economy, Neo-liberal Restructuring and Integration in the Post-Crisis Era”, Routledge, 2009.

OZEL, I. 2012. “The Politics of De-delegation: Regulatory (in)dependence in Turkey,” Regulation and Governance, Vol. 6, No.1, pp.119-129.

OZEL, I. 2012 forthcoming. “Is it none of their business? Business and democratization, the case of Turkey”, Democratization, DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2012.674369.

OZEL, I. State-Business Coalitions and Economic Development - Comparative Perspectives from Turkey and Mexico, London: Routledge, forthcoming.

OZEL, I. 2010a. “Islamic Capital and Political Islam in Turkey,” Haynes, Jeffrey ed. Religion and Politics in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, London: Routledge.

OZEL, I. 2003 “Beyond the Orthodox Paradox: The Break-up of State-Business Coalitions in Turkey in the 1980s,” Journal of International Affairs, vol.57, no.1, Fall 2003

OZEL, I. and i. Atiyas. 2011 “Regulatory Diffusion in Turkey: A Cross-Sectoral Assessment” (with İzak Atiyas) in T. Çetin and F. Oğuz, eds., The Political Economy of Regulation in Turkey, Springer, forthcoming.

RODRIK, d. 1991. “Premature Liberalization, Incomplete Stabilization: The Özal Debate in Turkey,” in Bruno et al. eds, Lessons of Economic Stabilization and Its Aftermath, Cambridge: The MIT Press.

RONIGER, l. 2004. “Political Clientelism, Democracy, and Market Economy,” Comparative Politics

vol. 36, no. 3 (April 2004), 353-375

SCHNEIDER, B.R. 2009. “Hierarchical Market Economies and Varieties of Capitalism in Latin America,” Journal of Latin American Studies, August 2009.

SOCIAL SECURITY INSTITUTION, Republic of Turkey, Statistics.

TURKISH STATISTICAL INSTITUTE (http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/Start. do;jsessionid=GvYlQQpNqNbh3kP1pMTVlhTqVJZCznjym2XyJNnJFJhcPNtXQYWh!388152560)

STOKES, Susan C. 2009. “Political Clientelism,” in Carles Boix and Susan C. Stokes (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics (New York: Oxford University Press, 604-627.

TREASURY STATISTICS, 1980-2003 (http://www.treasury.gov.tr/irj/portal/anonymous?guest_ user=treasury)

WATERBURY, John. 1993. Exposed to Innumerable Delusions, Public Enterprise and State Power in Egypt, India, Mexico and Turkey, New York: Cambridge University Press.

THE WORLDWIDE GOVERNANCE INDICATORS, The World Bank Group, 2011, (http://info. worldbank.org/governance/wgi/index.asp)

WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS (http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world- development-indicators)

WORLD INVESTMENT REPORT, 2010 and 2011, (http://www.unctad-docs.org/files/UNCTAD- WIR2011-Full-en.pdf )

UŞAN, M. FATIH, 2009. Türk Sosyal Güvenlik Hukukunun Temel Esasları, 2. Baskı, Ankara.

YURTOĞLU, B. 2000. “Ownership, Control and Performance of Turkish Listed Firms,” Emprica, No.27i pp.193-222, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands.


Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.