Benthic Foraminifera and Thecamoebians of Godineau River Estuary, Gulf of Paria, Trinidad Island

Lazaro Laut, Iara Clemente, Maria Virginia Alves Martins, Fabrizio Frontalini, Débora Raposo, Pierre Belart, Renan Habib, Rafael Fortes, Maria Lucia Lorini

Abstract


In the Godineau River Estuary, located in Trinidad Island (off the northeast coast of Venezuela), were found 114 taxa of foraminifera and 17 of thecamoebians in the dead fauna. Most of the identified foraminiferal species were rare because they were transported from the Gulf of Paria to this estuary. The autochthonous foraminiferal assemblage was represented by several tropical estuarine species such as Ammonia tepida, Ammotium salsum, Arenoparrella mexicana, Cribroelphidium excavatum, Ammonia parkinsoniana, Haplophragmoides wilberti, Miliammina fusca and Ammotium cassis. The thecamoebians assemblages, found in the inner part of this estuary, were dominated by Cyclopyxis spp., Centropyxis spp., Difflugia corona and Difflugia urceolata. The relative abundance of the main species of foraminifera and thecamoebians were analyzed through Q-mode and R-mode cluster analyses. Statistical results revealed the presence of three different environments in the Godineau River Estuary related to different hydrodynamic conditions and more or less oceanic or fluvial influence. The first sector represents the most confined region of the estuary and was mainly composed by agglutinated foraminifera together with thecamoebians. The second sector was located in the middle part of the estuary and was associated with the presence of brackish waters. The third sector denotes the outermost part of the estuary characterized by the greatest hydrodynamic activity and highest oceanic influence within the estuary. This sector was marked by the occurrence of a large number typical-marine foraminifera species.

Keywords


Estuarine compartments; Foraminifera; thecamoebians; microtidal estuary; tropical coastal environment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andel Tj Van & Postma H. 1954. Recent sediments of the Gulf

of Paria. Reports of the Orinoco Shelf Expedition (v 1).

Verh. K. Nederlandse Akad. Wetenschappen, Natuuk.,

Serie I, 20(5): 1-245.

Barbosa, C.F. & Suguio, K. 1999. Biosedimentary facies of a

subtropical microtidal estuary – an example from southern

Brazil. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 69: 576-

Barnes, R.S.K. 1980. Coastal Lagoons. Cambridge, Cambridge

University Press, 106p.

Boltovskoy, E. 1965. Los Foraminiferos Recientes: biologia,

métodos de estúdio, aplicación oceanográfica. EUDEBA,

Buenos Aires, Argentina. 510p.

Boltovskoy, E.; Giussani, G.; Watanabe, S. & Wright, R. 1980.

Atlas of benthic shelf foraminifera of the southwest Atlantic.

Boston, Dr. W. Junk by Publishers, 147p.

Bonetti, C. & Eichler, B.B. 1997. Benthic foraminifera and thecamoebians

as indicators of river/sea gradients in the

estuarine zone of Itapitangui River – Cananéia/SP, Brazil.

Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 69(4):

-563.

Boudreau, R.E.A.; Galloway, J.M.; Patterson, R.T.; Kumar,

A. & Michel, F.A. 2005. A paleolimnological record

of Holocene climate and environmental change in the

Temagami Region, northeastern Ontario. Journal of Paleolimnology,

: 445-461.

Brönnimann, P. & Zaninetti, L. 1965. Note sur Lituola salsa

(Cushman et Brönnimann, 1948), un Foraminifere de la

mangrove de I’ile de la Trinite, W. I. Archives de Sciences

(Geneva), 18: 608-615.

Brönnimann, P.; Moura, J.A. & Dias-Brito, D. 1981a. Estudos

Ecológicos na Baía de Sepetiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil:

Foraminíferos. In: CONGRESSO LATINO-AMERICANO DE PALEONTOLOGIA, Porto Alegre, Resumos,

p. 75-861.

Brönnimann, P.; Moura, J.A. & Dias-Brito, D. 1981b.

Foraminíferos da Fácies Mangue da Planície de Maré

de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. In: CONGRESSO

LATINO-AMERICANO DE PALEONTOLOGIA, Porto

Alegre, Resumos, p. 91-861.

Brönnimann, P.; Moura, J.A. & Dias-Brito, D. 1981c. Ecologia

dos Foraminíferos e Microrganismos Associados da

Área de Guaratiba/Sepetiba: Modelo Ambiental e sua

Aplicação na Pesquisa de Hidrocarbonetos. Relatório

PETROBRAS, Rio de Janeiro, 81p.

Coccioni, R. 2000. Benthic foraminifera as bioindicators of

heavy metal pollution – a case study from the Goro Lagoon

(Italy). In: MARTIN, R.E. (Ed.), Environmental

Micropaleontology: The Application of Microfossils to

Environmental Geology. New York, Kluwer Academic/

Plenum Publishers, p. 71–103.

Culver, S.J. 1990. Benthic foraminifera of Puerto Rican mangrove-

lagoon systems: potential for paleoenvironmental

interpretations. Palaios, 5: 34-51.

Cushman, J.A. & Brönnimann, P. 1948a. Some new genera and

species of foraminifera from brackish water of Trinidad.

Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 24: 15-21.

Cushman, J.A. & Brönnimann, P. 1948b. Additional new species

of arenaceous foraminifera from shallow waters of

Trinidad. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 24: 37-42.

Cushman, J.A. & Jarvis, P.W. 1929. New foraminifera from

Trinidad. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 5: 6-17.

Chan A Shing, C. 2002. Atlas: Marine Fisheries of Trinidad

Island and Tobago: Part 1- Trinidad Island Inshore

Fisheries, Fisheries Information Series, 10. Fisheries

Division, Ministry of Agriculture, Land and Marine Resources,

Trinidad and Tobago, 76p.

Debenay J.P.; Guiral, D. & Parra, M. 2002. Ecological Factors

Acting on the Microfauna in Mangrove Swamps. The

Case of Foraminiferal Assemblages in French Guyana.

Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 55: 509-533.

Debenay, J.P. & Guilou, J.J. 2002. Ecological transitional indicated

by foraminiferal assemblages in paralic environments.

Estuaries, 25(6): 1107-1120.

Debenay, J.P.; Pawlowsk, J. & Decrouez, D., 1996. Les Foraminifères

Actuels. Paris, Masson, 329p.

Duleba, W. & Debenay, J.P. 2003. Hydrodynamic circulation in

the estuaries of Estação Ecológica Juréia-Itatins, Brazil,

inferred from foraminifera and thecamoebian assemblages.

Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 33(1): 62-93.

Guppy, R.J.L. 1863. On the occurrence of foraminifera in Tertiary

beds at San Fernando, Trinidad. The Geologist, 1:

-160.

Guppy, R.J.L. 1873. On foraminifera from the Tertiaries of San

Fernando, Trinidad. Geology Magazine, 10: 362-633.

Hayward, B.W. & Hollis, C.J., 1994. Brackish Foraminifera in

New Zealand: a Taxonomic and Ecologic Review. Micropaleontology,

(3): 185-222.

Hayward, B.W.; Grenfell, H.; Cains, G. & Smith, A., 1996.

Environmental Controls on Benthic Foraminiferal and

Thecamoebian Associations in New Zealand Tidal Inlet.

Journal Foraminiferal Research, 26(2): 150-171.

Hayward, B.W.; Cedhagen, T.; Kaminski, M. & Gross, O. 2017.

World Foraminifera Database. Accessed at http://www.

marinespecies.org/foraminifera on 2017-03-10

Hong Phuoc, V.L.H. & Massel S.R. 2006. Experiments on

wave motion and suspended sediment concentration at

Nang Hai Can Gio mangrove forest, Southern Vietnam.

Oceanologia, 48: 23-40.

James C., Nathai-Gyan, N. & Hislop G. 1986. Trinidad and Tobago.

In: SCOTT, D.A. & CARBONELL, M. (Eds.), A

Directory of Neotropical Wetlands. Cambridge, IUCN

Conservation Monitoring Centre, p. 256-265.

Juman, R. & Ransewak, D. 2013. Status of Mangrove Forests in

Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies. Caribbean Journal of

Science, 47(2-3): 291-304.

Kennish, M.J. 1992. Ecology of Estuaries: Anthropogenic Effects.

Boca Raton, USA, 494p.

Klisa, D.A. & Schöder-Adams, C.J. 1999. Holocene thecamoebians

in freshwater lakes on Bylot Island, northwest

territories, Canada. Journal of foraminiferal Research,

(1): 26-36.

Kumar, A. & Dalby A.P. 1998. Identification key for Holocene

lacustrine arcellacean (thecamoebian) taxa. Palaeontologia

Electronica, 1(1): 1-39.

Latrubesse, E.; Stevaux, J.C. & Sinha, R. 2005. Tropical Rivers.

Geomorphology, 70: 187-206.

Laut, L.L.M. & Barbosa, C.F. 1999. Recent mangrove zonation

from the Jaboatão River Estuary, Recife, PE. In: CUSHMAN

FOUNDATION RESEARCH SYMPOSIUM:

QUATERNARY MICROPALEONTOLOGY, ECOLOGICAL

STUDIES AND PALEOENVIRONMENTAL

APPLICATIONS ABEQUA. Resumos expandidos,

Porto Seguro. CD ROM: viiabequa_cc011.pdf.

Laut, L.L.M.; Clemente, I.M.M.M.; Belart, P.; Martins, M.V.A.;

Frontalini, F.; Laut, V.M.; Gomes, A.; Boski, T.; Lorini,

M.L.; Fortes, R.R. & Rodrigues, M.A.C. 2016a. Multiproxies

(benthic foraminifera, ostracods and biopolymers)

approach applied to identify the environmental

partitioning of the Guadiana River Estuary (Iberian

Peninsula). Journal of Sedimentary Environments, 1:

-201.

Laut, L.L.M.; Ferreira, D.E.S.; Santos, V.F.; Figueiredo Jr, A.G.;

Carvalho M.A. & Machado, O.F. 2010. Foraminifera,

Thecamoebians and Palynomorphs as Hydrodynamic

Indicators in Araguari Estuary, Amazonian Coast,

Amapá State – Brazil. Anuário do Instituto de Geociências,

(2): 52-65.

Laut, L.L.M.; Martins, M.V.A.; Frontalini, F.; Belart, P.; Santos,

V.F.; Lorini, M.L.; Fortes, R.R.; Silva, F.S.; Souza-Vieira,

S. & Souza Filho, P.W. 2016b. Biotic (foraminifera

and thecamoebians) and abiotic parameters as proxies

for identification of the environmental heterogeneity in

Caeté River Estuary, Amazon Coast, Brazil. Journal of

Sedimentary Environments, 1: 1-16.

Laut, L.L.M.; Martins, V.; Silva F.S.; Crapez, M.A.C.; Fontana,

L.F.; Carvalhal-Gomes, S.B.V. & Souza R.C.C.L. 2016.

Foraminifera, Thecamoebians, and Bacterial Activity in

Polluted Intertropical and Subtropical Brazilian Estuarine

Systems. Journal of Coastal Research, 32(1): 56-

Laut, L.L.M.; Silva F.S.; Figueiredo Jr, A.G. & Laut, V.M.

a. Assembleias de foraminíferos e tecamebas associadas

a análise sedimentológica e microbiológica no

delta do rio Paraíba do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Pesquisas

em Geociências, 38(3): 251-267.

Laut, L.L.M.; Silva, F.S.; Bonetti, C.; Figueiredo Jr., A.G. &

Crapez, M.A.C. 2007. Foraminíferos e atividade bacteriana

aplicados no diagnóstico ambiental do estuário do

rio Itacorubí, Florianópolis, SC. Revista Brasileira de

Geociências, 37(3): 565-578.

Laut, L.L.M.; Silva, F.S.; Martins, V.; Rodrigues, M.A.C.; Mendonça,

J.O.; Clemente, I.M.M.M.; Laut, V.M. & Mentzigen,

L.G. 2012. Foraminíferos do Complexo Sepetiba/

Guaratiba. In: RODRIGUES, M.A.C.; PEREIRA S.D.

& SANTOS S.B. (Eds.), Baía de Sepetiba: Estado da

Arte. Corbã, Rio de Janeiro, p. 115-150.

Laut, L.L.M.; Cabral, I.A.; Rodrigues, M.A.C.; Silva, F.S.; Martins,

V.; Boski, T.; Gomes, A.I.; Dias, J.M.A.; Fontana,

L.F.; Laut, V.M. & Mendonca-Filho, J.G. 2014. Compartimentos

Ambientais do Estuário do Rio Arade, Sul

de Portugal, com Base na Distribuição e Ecologia de

Foraminíferos. Anuário do Instituto de Geociências,

(2): 60-74.

Laut, V.; Laut, L.L.M.; Silva, F.S.; Clemente I.M.M.M.; Mentzingen,

L.G. & Rodrigues, M.A.C. 2011b. Foraminíferos

e tecamebas do estuário do Rio Suruí, Baía de Guanabara,

Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. In: Carvalho I.S.; Garcia

M.J.; Strohschoen Jr, O. & Lana, C.C. (Eds.), Paleontologia,

Cenários da Vida. Rio de Janeiro, Interciência,

p. 241-252.

Leipnitz, I.I.; Silva, J.L.L.; Leão, C.J.; Ferreira, F. & Hansen,

M.A.F. 2006. Amebas testáceas (Protozoa, Rhizopoda)

de ambientes límnicos do Parque Nacional da Lagoa do

Peixe, RS, Brasil. Gaea, 2(2): 47-58.

Leipnitz, I.I.; Ferreira, F.; Leão, C.J.; Armynot Du Châtelet, E.

& Frontalini, F. 2014. Foraminiferal and testate amoeba

diversity, distribution and ecology in transitional environments

of the Tramandaí Basin (Rio Grande do Sul,

South Brazil). Marine Biodiversity, 44(3): 415-434.

Loeblich Ar, J.R. & Tappan, H. 1987. Foraminiferal Genera and

Their Classification. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold,

p.

Madeira-Falceta, M. 1974. Ecological distribution of thecamoebal

and foraminifera associations in the mixohaline environments

of southern Brazilian littoral. Anais da Academia

Brasileira de Ciências, 46: 49-133.

Miall, A.D. 1996. The Geology of Fluvial Deposits, Sedimentary

facies, Basin Analysis, and Petroleum Geology. Berlin,

Springer-Verlag, 582p.

Murray, J.W. 1991. Ecology e paleoecology of Benthic Foraminifera.

London, Logman Scientific & Technical, 397p.

Murray, J.W. 2006. Ecology and Applications of Benthic Foraminifera.

Cambridge, Cambridge University Press,

p.

Nittrouer, C.A.; Kuehl, S.A.; Ternberg, R.W.; Figueiredo, A.G.

& Faria, L.E 1995. An introduction to the geological significance

of sediment transport and accumulation on the

Amazon continental shelf. Marine Geology, 125: 177-

Norville, W. & Banjoo, D. 2006. Preliminary assessment of the

ecological status of the Godineau Swamp, South Trinidad-

Water and sediment quality component (Research

Report). Institute of Marine Affairs, Trinidad and Tobago.

Patterson, R.T. & Kumar, A. 2000. Assessment of arcellacean

(thecamoebian) assemblages, species, and strains as

contaminant indicators in James Lake, Northeastern Ontario,

Canada. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 30:

-320.

Patterson, R.T.; Lamoureux, E.D.R.; Neville, L.A. & Macumber,

A.L. 2013. Arellacea (Testate Lobose Amoebae) as

pH indicators in a pyrite mine-acidified Lake, Northeastern

Ontario, Canada. Microbiology Aquatic Systems,

: 541-554.

Patterson, R.T.; Mackinnon, D.B.; Scott, D.B. & Medioli, F.S.

Arcellaceans (Thecamoebians) in small lakes of

New Brunswick and Nova Scotia: Modern distribution

and Holocene stratigraphic changes. Journal of Foraminiferal

Research, 15(2): 114- 137.

Phleger, F.B. 1956. Significance of living foraminiferal populations

along de central Texas coast. Contributions of

Cushman Foundation for Foraminifera Research, 7(4):

-151.

Ramnath, K.; Dyal, S. & Bhajan, J. 1997. Environmental Impact

Assessment: Exploratory Well Puzzle Island Prospect,

Debe South Trinidad. Environment Section Corporate

Services Division, Petroleum Company of Trinidad and

Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago, 198p.

Santa-Cruz, J. & Dias-Britto, D. 2006. Foraminifera from surface

sediment of a Brazilian mangrove affected by oil

spill 20 years ago. Anuário do Instituto Geociências,

(1): 436.

Sauders, J.B. 1958. Recent foraminifera of mangrove swamps

and river estuaries and their fossil counterparts in. Micropaleontology,

(1): 79-92.

Scott, D.B. & Medioli, F.S. 1980. Quantitative studies of marsh

foraminiferal distributions in Nova Scotia: implications

for sea level studies: Journal of Foraminiferal Research,

Special Publication, 17: 17-58.

Scott, D.B. & Medioli, F.S. 1983. Agglutinated rhizopods in

Lake Erie: modern distribution and stratigraphic implications.

Journal of Paleontology, 57(4): 809-820.

Scott, D.B.; Schafer, C.T. & Medioli, F.S. 2001. Monitoring in

Coastal Environments using Foraminifera and Thecamoebian

Indicators. Cambridge, Cambridge University

Press, 177p.

Semensatto Jr., D.L. & Brito, D.D. 2006. Foraminifera and thecamoebians

from São Francisco River Delta, NE Brazil:

Environmental applications. Anuário do Instituto de

Geociências, 29(1): 438-439.

Semensatto, Jr., D.L. & Dias-Britto, D. 2004. Análise ambiental

de uma área parálica no delta do Rio São Francisco,

Segipe-Brasil, com base na sinecologia de foraminíferos

e tecamebas (Protista). Revista Brasileira de Paleontologia,

(1): 53-66.

Souza, V.M.; Laut, L.L.M.; Silva, F.S.; Figueiredo Jr., A.G.; Vital,

H. & Frazão, E. 2010. Benthic foraminifera and bacterial

activity as a Proxy for environmental characterization

on Potengi Estuary, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil.

Anuário do Instituto de Geociências, 33(1): 20-34.

Suter, H.H. 1954. The general and economic geology of Trinidad,

B. W. 1. (reprinted with revisions). London, Her

Majesty’s Stationery Office, 134p.

Todd, R. & Brönnimann, P. 1957. Recent foraminifera and thecamoebian

from the eastern Gulf of Paria, Trinidad. Journal

of Foraminiferal Research, 3: 1-43.

Wall, G.P. & Sawkins, J.G. 1860. Report on the Geology of

Trinidad; or, Part 1 of the West Indian Survey. London,

Memoirs of the Geological Survey, 211p.

Wilson, B.; Miller, K.; Thomas, A-L.; Cooke, N. & Ramsingh,

R. 2008. Foraminifera in the mangal at the Caroni

Swamp, Trinidad: diversity, population structure and

relation to sea level. Journal of Foraminiferal Reseach,

(2): 36-127.

Zaninetti, L.; Brönnimann, P.; Dias-Brito, D.; Arai, M.; Casaletti,

P.; Koutsoukos, E. & Silveira, S. 1979. Distribuition

écologique des foraminfères dans la Mangrove d’

Acupe, Etat de Bahia, Brésil. Notes du Laboratoire de

Paleontologie de l’Unirsite de Geneve, 4(1): 1-17.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.11137/2017_2_118_143

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.