The genus Pholadomya Sowerby, 1823 (Mollusca: Bivalvia) of Jandaíra formation (Late Cretaceous), Potiguar Basin: paleoecological and paleogeographic implications

Natalia Pereira Benaim, Maria Célia Elias Senra

Abstract


Pholadomya Sowerby, 1823 is an anomalodesmatan bivalve that dispersed during Mesozoic, like other Mollusks, colonizating the South Atlantic shallow seas, between Brazil and Africa. On brazilian Cretaceous the sources of Pholadomya are scarce, occurring in outcrops from Algodões Formation, Gramame Formation and Jandaíra Formation, where occurs the species Pholadomya baixaleitensis. Based on specimens from new outcrops of Jandaíra Formation, a new occurrence of P. cf. adversa and P. baixaleitensis are shown and a new morfotype for the genus is described. It was possible to infer that the species studied presented deep endobentonic habits, and burrowed slowly the sediment, probably living their whole life into the same cavity. During Campanian Pholadomya is known from Cameroon, France, Poland, Austria, Germany and other localities in United States of America, occurring in association with other tethyan mollusks. The records of the genus in the marginal equatorial basins enhance the fossil bivalve diversity, and agree with the hypotesis of a south latitudinal range for the Tethyan Realm during Upper Cretaceous.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.11137/2008_1_88-97

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ISSN 0101-9759 e-ISSN 1982-3908