O mundo materialmente uniforme de Filopono

Fátima Regina Rodrigues Évora

Resumo


O objetivo deste artigo é examinar a crítica de Filopono de Alexandria a tese aristotélica de que o mundo é dividido em duas regiões nitidamente distintas, celeste e terrestre, ocupadas por materiais distintos e governadas por leis distintas. Em seguida, pretende-se analisar a defesa de Filopono de que o mundo é materialmente uniforme e a recepção desta tese no início da filosofia moderna.

 

Abstract

My aim, in this particular paper, is to exame Philoponus of Alexandria's critics on aristotelian theses of a world divided in two distinct realms, celestial and terrestrial, both filled with distinct materials and governed by distinct laws. I also intend to treat Philoponus defense of a world uniform in matter, and the reception of such thesis in Early Modern Philosophy.

 

Recebido em 08/2014
Aprovado em 09/2014


Palavras-chave


Filopono. Aristóteles; Matéria; Éter; Eternidade do mundo; Philoponus; Aristotle; Matter;Aether; Eternity of the world

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


Aristote. Du Ciel, Trad. de Paul Moraux. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1965.

Aristotle, Physics. Trad. de R.. Waterfield, Int. & notas de D. Bostock. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Aristotle. Methaphysics. Trad. de W. D. Ross. In: Hutchins, R. M. (Ed.) Great Books of the Western World. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1952, v. 8, p. 499-626.

Aristotle. On the heavens. Trad. de J. L. Stocks. In: Hutchins, R. M. (Ed.) Great Books of the Western World. Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1952, v. 8: 359-405.

Berryman, S. "Necessitation and Explanation in Philoponus' Aristotelian Physics". in Salles, R. (ed.), Metaphysics, Soul, and Ethics: Themes from the Work of Richard Sorabji. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Charlton, William. Aristotle's Physics - Books I and II. Tradução e comentário. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Cohen, M. R., & Drabkin, I. E. A source book of greek science Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966.

Cremonini, C. Apologia dictorum. Aristotelis de quinta caeli substantia. Adversus Xenarcum, loannem Grammaticum, et alios. Venice. 1616

Davidson, H. John Philoponus as a source of medieval Islamic and Jewish proofs of creation. Journal of the American Oriental Society 89, 2, 1969: 357- 391. doi:10.2307/596519.

Davidson, H. Proofs for Eternity, Creation and the Existence of God in Medieval Islamic and Jewish Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987.

De Haas, F. John Philoponus on matter: Towards a metaphysics of creation. Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden, 1995.

De Haas, F. John Philoponus' New Definition of Prime Matter: Aspects of Its Background in Neoplatonism and the Ancient Commentary Tradition. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 1997.

Évora, F. R. R. “Discussão sobre a matéria celeste em Aristóteles”. Cadernos de História e Filosofia das Ciências Campinas, v.17, n.2: 2007.

Évora, F. R. R. A crítica de Filopono de Alexandria à tese aristotélica de eternidade do mundo. Analytica, v.7, n.1, 2003: 15-47.

Évora, F. R. R. "Filopono de Alexandria e a controvérsia acerca da eternidade". In: Levy, L., Pereira, L.C. & Zingano, M. (eds.). Metafísica, lógiva e outras coisas. Rio de Janeiro: Nau/Editora. 2012: 65-96.

Évora, F. R. R. “Natureza e Movimento: um estudo da física e cosmologia aristotélica”. Cadernos de História e Filosofia das Ciências Campinas, v.15, n.1, 2005: 127-170.

Évora, F. R. R. Filopono e Descartes: Conceito de Extensão Material. Analytica, v.2, n.2, 1997: 83-104.

Évora, F. R. R., A revolução copernicano-galileana: Astronomia e cosmologia pré-galileana. Campinas: CLE-UNICAMP, v.1 e 2, 1988.

Grant, E. A source book in the medieval science. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Grant, E. Much ado about nothing. Cambridge: Cambridge, 1981.

Hankinson, R. J. Introduction, in Simplicius, On Aristotle's “On the heavens 1,1-4”. Trad. de R.S. Hankinson. New York: Cornell University Press, 2002. (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle. Sorabji, R.(ed.)).

Hoffmann, P. "Simplicius's Polemics: Some aspects of Simplicius' polemical writings against John Philoponus: from invective to a reaffirmation of the transcendency of the heavens". In: Sorabji, R. (ed.). Philoponus and the Rejection of Aristotelian Science. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987: 57-83.

Judson, L. "God or Nature? Philoponus on Generability and Perishability". In: Sorabji, R. (ed.), Philoponus and the Rejection of Aristotelian Science. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987: p.179-196.

Koyré, A. Études sur l'histoire de la pensée scientifique. Paris: Gallimard, 1973

Moraux, P. "Quinta essencia". In: Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft, XXIV, cols.-1263, 1430-2

Philoponus, J. On Aristotle Physica 2. Trad. de A. R. Lacey. London: Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1993.

Philoponus, J. Against Aristotle on the Eternity of the World. trad. de Christian Wildberg. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987. (De aeternitate mundi contra Aristotelem).

Philoponus, J. On Aristotle Physica 3. Trad. de M. J. Edwards. London: Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1994.

Philoponus, J., On Aristotle Physica 5-8; with Simplicius, On Aristotle on the void. Trad. de Paul Lettinck & J. Urmson. London: Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1994.

Philoponus, J., Place, Void, and Eternity. Philoponus: Corollaries on Place and Void. trad de David Furley, with Simplicius, Simplicius: Against Philoponus on the Eternity of the World. trad. de Christian Wildberg. New York: Cornell University Press, 1991.

Proclus. On the Eternity of the World (De aeternitate mundi). University of California Press, 2001.

Ross, W. D. Aristotle's Physics, a revised text with introduction and commentary. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966.

Sambursky, S., The Physical World of Late Antiquity. London: Rouledge & Kegan Paul, 1987. doi:10.1515/9781400858989.

Schmitt, C. "Philoponus' Commentary on Aristotle's Physics in the Sixteenth Century". In: Sorabji, R. (ed.). Philoponus and the rejection of Aristotelian science. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987: 210-227.

Simplicius, Against Proclus' On the Eternity of the World 1-5. trad. de Michael John Share, Cornell University Press, 2005.

Simplicius, On Aristotle's Physics 6. Trad. de David Konstan. New York: Cornell University Press, 1989.

Simplicius. Against Proclus' on the Eternity of the World 12-18. trad. de Michael Share, Cornell University Press, 2006.

Simplicius. Against Proclus' On the Eternity of the World 6-8. trad. de Michael John Share, Cornell University Press, 2005.

Simplicius. Corollaries on Place and Time . Trad de J. O Urmson. New York: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Simplicius. On Aristotle Meteorology 1.4-9,12. Trad. de Inna Kupreeva. London: Bristol Classical Press, 2012.

Simplicius. On Aristotle on the void. in: Philoponus, On Aristotle Physica 5-8; with Simplicius, On Aristotle on the void. Trad. de Paul Lettinck & J. Urmson. London: Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1994.

Simplicius. On Aristotle Physica 7. Trad. de Charles Hagen. London: Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1994.

Simplicius. On Aristotle's “On the heavens 1,1-4”. Trad. de R.S. Hankinson. New York: Cornell University Press, 2002.

Simplicius. On Aristotle's Physics 1.13. trad. de Catherine Osborne. Cornell University Press, 2006.

Solmsen, Friederich. Aristotle's System of the Physical World. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1960.

Sorabji, R. "General Introduction". in: Philoponus, J., Against Aristotle on the Eternity of the World. trad. de Christian Wildberg. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987c: 1-17.

Sorabji, R. "Infinity and the Creation". In: Philoponus and the Rejection of Aristotelian Science. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987b: 164-178.

Sorabji, R. "The contra Aristotelem: Propose, contexte and significance". in: Philoponus, J. Against Aristotle on the Eternity of the World. trad. de Christian Wildberg. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987d: 18-24.

Sorabji, R. (ed.). Philoponus and the rejection of Aristotelian science. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987.

Sorabji, R. Matter, Space and Motion: theories in Antiquity and Their Sequel. London: Duckworth & Co. Ltd., 1988.

Wildberg, C. "Prolegomena to the Study of Philoponus' contra Aristotelem". In: Sorabji, R. (ed.). Philoponus and the rejection of Aristolian science. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987a.

Wildberg, C. "Source, structure and authenticity". in: Philoponus, J., Against Aristotle on the Eternity of the World. trad. and com., de Christian Wildberg. New York: Cornell University Press, 1987b: 24-31.

Wildberg, C. John Philoponus' criticism of Aristotle' theory of aether. Berlin: Gruyter, 1988.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35920/arf.2013.v17i2.105-138



Direitos autorais



ISSN 1414-3003, Qualis A2

Analytica. Revista de Filosofia é indexada pelo Philosopher's Index e pelo GeoDados.