Benthic foraminifera analysis in two cores from the northeastern area of Guanabara Bay

Raquel Batista Medeiros da Fonseca, Kelly Cristine Costa de Abreu, Claudia Gutterres Vilela, José Antônio Baptista Neto

Abstract


Guanabara bay receives a large amount of industrial and domestic sewage, which contributes for its environmental degradation. For monitoring those environmental changes, two cores from the northeastern area of the bay were analized. They were subsampled in centimeter intervals and the laboratory treatment followed specific methodology for foraminifera. Foraminifera are much sensitive microorganisms as to environmental changes as to anthropogenic ones, thus they are useful as pollution indicators. The results show low values of diversity, however, a higher diversity in the core T15, between Paquetá island and São Gonçalo than in the core T14, at São Gonçalo south region. Both of them presented Ammonia tepida as a dominant species human pollution bioindicator, and Buliminella elegatissima as bioindicator of high levels of organic matter.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.11137/2007_1_27-29

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