Psychometric properties of the Child Sports Cohesion Questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese

Rodrigo de Vasconcellos Pieri, Alberto Filgueiras

Resumo


Sport cohesion is a dynamic process that influences the tendency of team mem- bers to remain together until they achieve a goal. To measure task and social sport cohesion among children, the Child Spots Cohesion Questionnaire was developed by Martin et al. in 2012. The present study aimed to assess the psychometric pro- perties of the Brazilian-adapted version of this instrument. Reliability, validity and factorability were assessed in a sample of 280 children. Reliability was measured by Cronbach’s alpha and ranged between 0.80 and 0.87. Convergent validity showed high correlation between the instrument and a visual analogue scale that measured sport cohesion. Latent structure analysis revealed that a bifactor latent structure with a general factor and two independent factors had the best fit of the empirical data. Results support that the Brazilian-adapted version of the Child Spots Cohesion Ques- tionnaire is a good instrument to assess sport cohesion in Brazilian children.

Texto completo:

PDF (English) HTML (English)

Referências


Borsa, J. C., Damásio, B. F., & Bandeira, D. R. (2012). Adaptação e validação de instrumentos psicológicos entre culturas: Algumas considerações. Paidéia, 22(53), 423-432. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-863X2012000300014

Bosselut, G. McLaren, C. D. Eys, M. A., & Heuzé, J. P. (2012). Reciprocity of the relationship between role ambiguity and group cohesion in youth interdependent sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 13(3), 341-348. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.09.002

Bruner, M. W., Boardley, I. D., & Côté, J. (2014). Social identity and prosocial and antisocial behavior in youth sport. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15(1), 56-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.09.003

Carron, A. V., Widmeyer, W. N., & Brawley, L. R. (1985). The development of an instrument to assess cohesion in sport teams: The group environment questionnaire. Journal of Sport Psychology, 7(3), 244-266. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/10.1123/JSP.7.3.244

Carron, A. V., & Brawley, L. R. (2012). Cohesion conceptual and measurement issues. Small Group Research, 43(6), 726-743. https://doi.org/10.1177/ 1046496412468072

Carron, A. V., Brawley, L. R., & Widmeyer, W. N. (1998). The measurement of cohesiveness in sport groups. In J. L. Duda (Ed.), Advances in sport and exercise psychology measurement (pp. 213-226). Morgantown: Fitness Information Technology.

Carron, A. V., & Hausenblas, H. A. (1998). Group dynamics in sport (2nd ed.). Morgantown: Fitness Information Technology.

Dion, K. L. (2000). Group cohesion: From “field of forces” to multidimensional construct. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4(1), 7-20. https://doi.org/10.1037/1089-2699.4.1.7

Donkers, A. L., Martin, L. J., Paradis, K. F., & Anderson, S. (2015). The social environment in children’s sport: Cohesion, social acceptance, commitment, and enjoyment. International Journal of Sport Psycholy, 46(1), 275-294.

Drescher, S., Burlingame, G., & Fuhriman, A. (1985). Cohesion: An odyssey in empirical understanding. Small Group Research, 16(1), 3-30. https://doi.org/ 10.1177/104649648501600101

Dunlop, W. L., Falk, C. F., & Beauchamp, M. R. (2012). How dynamic are exercise group dynamics? Examining changes in cohesion within class-based exercise programs. Health Psychology, 32(12), 1240-1243. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030412

Estabrooks, P. A. & Carron, A. V. (2000). The physical activity group environment questionnaire: An instrument for the assessment of cohesion in exercise classes. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice, 4(3), 230-243. https://doi.org/10.1037/1089-2699.4.3.230

Eys, M. A., Carron, A. V., Bray, S. R., & Brawley, L. R. (2007). Item wording and internal consistency of a measure of cohesion: The group environment questionnaire. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29(3), 395-402. https://doi.org/10.1123/ jsep.29.3.395

Eys, M. A., Loughead, T. M., Bray, S. R., & Carron, A. (2009). Development of cohesion questionnaire for youth: The youth sport environment questionnaire. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 31(3), 390-408. https://doi.org/10.1123/ jsep.31.3.390

Eys, M. A., Martin, L. J., Ohlert, J., Wolf, S. A., Van Bussel, M., & Steins, C. (2015). Cohesion and performance for female and male sport teams. The Sport Psychologist, 29(2), 97-109. https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.2014-0027

Filgueiras, A., Galvão, B. O., Pires, P., Fioravanti-Bastos, A. C. M., Hora, G. P. R., Santana, C. M. T. et al. (2015). Tradução e adaptação semântica do questionário de controle atencional para o contexto brasileiro. Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas), 32(2), 173-185. https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-166X2015000200003

Filho, E., Dobersek, U., Gershgoren, L., Becker, B., & Tenenbaum, G. (2014) The cohesion–performance relationship in sport: A 10-year retrospective meta-analysis. Sport Science Health, 10, 165-177. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11332-014-0188-7

Formiga, N., Fleury, L. F. O., & Souza, M. A. (2014). Evidências de validade da escala de percepção de suporte organizacional em funcionários de empresa pública e privada. Estudos Interdisciplinares em Psicologia, 5(2), 60-76. https://doi.org/10.5433/2236-6407.2014v5n2p60

Formiga, N., Duarte, V., Neves, S., Machado, M., & Machado, F. (2015). Escala de condutas antissociais e delitivas: Estrutura fatorial da versão portuguesa. Psicologia Reflexão e Crítica, 28(4), 718-727. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678- 7153.201528409

Heuze, J. P., & Fontayne, P. (2002). Questionnaire surl’Ambiance du groupe: A french- language instrument for measuring group cohesion. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 24(1), 42-67. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.24.1.42

International Test Commission – ITC. (2005). ITC guidelines for translating and adapting tests. Hemel Hempstead: the author.

Iturbide, L. M., Elosua, P. & Yanes, F. (2010) Medida de la cohesion en equipos deportivos: adaptación al español del group environment questionnaire (GEQ). Psicothema, 22(3), 482-488.

Kashani, V. O., & Gholizade, Z. (2015). Psychometric properties of persian version of the children sporting cohesion questionnaire. Sport Psychology Studies, 4(12), 1-16.

Leal, E. A., & Albertin, A. L. (2015). Construindo uma escala multiitens para avaliar os fatores determinantes do uso de inovação tecnológica na educação a distância. Revista de Administração e Inovação, 12(2), 315-341.

Leo, F. M., Gonzalez-Ponce, I., Sanchez-Oliva, D., Pulido, J. J., & Garcia-Calvo, T. (2015). Adaptation and validation in spanish of the group environment questionnaire (GEQ) with professional football players. Psicothema, 27(3), 261-268. https://doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2014.247

Martin, L. J., Carron, A. V., Eys, M. A., & Loughead, T. M. (2011). Children’s perceptions of cohesion. Sport & Exercise Psychology Review, 7(1), 11-25.

Martin, L. J., Carron, A. V., Eys, M. A., & Loughead, T. M. (2012). Development of a cohesion inventory for children’s sport teams. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 16(1), 68-79. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0024691

Martin, L. J., Carron, A. V., Eys, M. A., & Loughead, T. M. (2013). Validation of the child sport cohesion questionnaire. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 17(2), 105-119. https://doi.org/10.1080/1091367X.2013.761023

Nascimento, J. R. A., Jr., Vieira, L. F., Rosado, A. F. B., & Serpa, S. (2012). Validação do questionário de ambiente de grupo (GEQ) para a língua portuguesa. Motriz, 18(4), 770-782.

Ohlert, J., Kleinknecht, C., & Kleinert, J. (2015). Group cohesion reworded: Measuring group cohesion perceptions in sport. Sportwiss, 45, 116-126. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12662-015-0364-1

Pasquali, L. (1999). Histórico dos instrumentos psicológicos. In L. Pasquali (Org.), Instrumentos psicológicos: Manual prático de avaliação (pp. 13-22). Brasília: Instituto Brasileiro de Avaliação Psicológica.

Pescosolido, A. T., & Saavedra, R. (2012). Cohesion and sports teams: A review. Small Group Research, 43(6), 744-758. https://doi.org/10.1177/1046496412465020

Pieri, R. P., Pires, P., Filgueiras, A. & Oliva, A. D. (2016). Adaptação transcultural e validação de conteúdo do questionário de coesão no esporte infantil para o português do brasil. Revista Brasileira de Psicologia do Esporte, 6(2), 14-25. https://doi.org/10.31501/rbpe.v6i2.7088.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36482/1809-5267.ARBP2021v73i3p.204-216

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2022 Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia

Licença Creative Commons
Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.


Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas
Instituto de Psicologia

Av. Pasteur, 250 - Pavilhão Nilton Campos, Praia Vermelha - Urca
CEP: 22290-902 - Rio de Janeiro-RJ - arquivosbrap@psicologia.ufrj.br
Portal Capes
Minerva