COMO TREINAR SUA ABELHA: MÉTODOS APLICADOS À BIOLOGIA COGNITIVA DA POLINIZAÇÃO

João Marcelo Robazzi Bignelli Valente Aguiar, Francismeire Jane Telles, Pedro Joaquim Bergamo, Vinícius Lourenço Garcia de Brito, Marlies Sazima

Abstract


As abelhas são os principais vetores bióticos da polinização, fenômeno extremamente importante para a manutenção dos sistemas naturais e também para a produção de alimentos. Durante décadas, estudos mostraram como as abelhas são notáveis quanto às suas capacidades cognitivas através de protocolos desenvolvidos para se entender o comportamento, aprendizado e memória desses insetos. O objetivo desta revisão é apresentar as bases dos experimentos de cognição em abelhas, descrevendo protocolos clássicos, novas abordagens e estudos empíricos mostrando como o treinamento de abelhas pode ser aplicado à diferentes questões na biologia da polinização.

HOW TO TRAIN YOUR BEE: METHODS APPLIED TO THE COGNITIVE BIOLOGY OF POLLINATION. Bees are the major biotic pollination agents, an extremely important phenomenon to the maintenance of the natural systems and food production. For decades, studies have shown the remarkable cognition system of bees, and several protocols were developed to understand behavior, learning and memory of these insects. The aim of this review is to present the basis of cognitive experiments using bees as a model, describing classical protocols, new approaches and empiric studies showing how bee training can be applied to different questions on pollination biology.


Keywords


behavior; cognition; learning; memory; perception

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4257/oeco.2020.2401.04

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