• Fred Victor de Oliveira Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Talita Graziele de Almeida Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Rodolfo Stumpp Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais



free-tailed bats, range extension, urban bats


Little is known about the natural history and distribution of the molossid bat Nyctinomops aurispinosus (Chiroptera, Molossidae) due to the rarity in which it is collected in fieldwork. In Brazil, this species is known for only nine localities, including the type-locality, 161 km from land on the coast of Cabo São Roque, state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Here we report a new record of N. aurispinosus for the municipality of Uberlândia, the second record of this species for the state of Minas Gerais in southeastern Brazil. We also present an updated distributional map for this molossid species in Brazil.

Author Biographies

Fred Victor de Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Zoologia, Laboratório de Evolução de Mamíferos

Talita Graziele de Almeida, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Zoologia, Laboratório de Evolução de Mamíferos

Rodolfo Stumpp, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Laboratório de Ecologia e Conservação


Aguiar, L. M. S., Motta, A., & Esberárd, C. 2012. Falco sparverius (Aves: Falconiformes) preying upon Nyctinomops laticaudatus (Chiroptera: Molossidae). Zoologia, 29(2), 180--182. DOI: 10.1590/S1984-46702012000200011

Ammerman, L. K., Lee, D. N., & Tipps, T. M. 2012. First molecular phylogenetic insights into the evolution of free-tailed bats in the subfamily Molossinae (Molossidae, Chiroptera). Journal of Mammalogy, 93(1), 12--28. DOI: 10.1644/11-MAMM-A-103.1

Ávila-Flores, R., & Fenton, M. B. 2005. Use of spatial features by foraging insectivorous bats in a large urban landscape use of spatial features by foraging insectivorous bats in a large urban landscape. Journal of Mammalogy, 86(6), 1193--1204. DOI: 10.1644/04-MAMM-A-085R1.1

Bianconi, G. V., Gregorin, R., & Carneiro, D. C. 2009. Range extension of the Peale’s Free-tailed Bat Nyctinomops aurispinosus (Molossidae) in Brazil. Biota Neotropica, 9(2), 267--270. DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032009000200026

Bredt, A. 2003. A experiência do distrito federal. In: I. Kotait (Ed.), Manual Técnico do Instituto Pasteur, número 7 – Manejo de quirópteros em áreas urbanas. p.24--28. São Paulo: Instituto Pasteur.

Carter, D. C., & Davis, W. B. 1961. Tadarida aurispinosa (Peale) (Chiroptera: Molossidae) in North America. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 74, 161--165.

Dolman, R. W., & Ammerman, L. K. 2015. Molecular systematics of Nyctinomops (Chiroptera: Molossidae). Western North American Naturalist, 75 (1), 43--51. DOI: 10.3398/064.075.0105

Eger, J. L. 2008. Family Molossidae P. Gervais, 1856. In: A. L. Gardner (Ed.), Mammals of South America, Volume 1: Marsupials, Xenarthrans, Shrews and Bats. pp. 399--440. Chicaco: University of Chicago Press.

Espinal, M., Mora, J. M., & OReilly, C. M. 2016. The occurrence of the Pealeʼs free-tailed bat (Nyctinomops aurispinosus, Molossidae) in Central America. Caribbean Journal of Science, 49(1), 79-82. DOI: 10.18475/CJOS.V49IL.A8

Freeman, P. W. 1981. A multivariate study of the family Molossidae - morphology, ecology, evolution. Fieldiana Zoology, 7, 1--92. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.3128

Garbino, G. S. T. 2016. Research on bats (Chiroptera) from the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil: Annotated species list and bibliographic review. Arquivos de Zoologia, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, 47(3), 43--128. DOI: 10.11606/issn.2176-7793.v47i3p43-128

Gregorin, R., & Cirranello, A. 2016. Phylogeny of Molossidae Gervais (Mammalia : Chiroptera) inferred by morphological data. Cladistics, 32(1), 2--35. DOI: 10.1111/cla.12117

Gregorin, R., & Taddei, V. A. 2002. Chave artificial para a identificação de Molossídeos brasileiros (Mammalia, Chiroptera). Mastozoología Neotropical. 9(1), 13--32.

Ibáñez, C., & Ochoa, G. J. 1989. New records of bats from Bolivia. Journal of Mammalogy, 70(1), 216–219. DOI: 10.2307/1381694

Kalko, E. K. V., & Handley. C. O. 2001. Neotropical bats in the canopy: Diversity, community structure, and implications for conservation. Plant Ecology, 153(2), 319–333. DOI: 10.1023/A:1017590007861

Knox-Jones, J., & Arroyo-Cabrales, J. 1990. Nyctinomops aurispinosus. Mammalian Species, 350, 1--3. DOI: 10.2307/3504283

Kumirai, A., & Knox-Jones, J. 1990. Nyctinomops femorosaccus. Mammalian Species, 349, 1--5. DOI: 10.2307/3504119

Miller Jr., G. S. 1907. The families and genera of bats. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 57, 251--253. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.16306

Nunes, H., Rocha, F. L., & Cordeiro-Estrela, P. 2017. Bats in urban areas of Brazil: roosts, food resources and parasites in disturbed environments. Urban Ecosystems, 20(4), 953--969. DOI: 10.1007/s11252-016-0632-3

Pacheco, S., & Sodré, M. 2010. Morcegos urbanos: Status do conhecimento e plano de ação para a conservação no Brasil. Chiroptera Neotropical 16(1), 629--647.

Pedro, W. A., Passos, F. C., & Lim, B. K. 2001. Morcegos (Chiroptera: Mammalia) da Estação Ecológica dos Caetetus, estado de São Paulo. Chiroptera Neotropical, 7(1-2), 136--140.

Sampaio, E., Lim, B., Peters, S., & de Grammont, P. C. 2008. Nyctinomops aurispinosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved on 19 December, 2018, from

Sanborn, C. C. 1951. Mammals from Marcapata, southeastern Peru. Publicaciones del Museo de Historia Natural "Javier Prado", 6, 1--26.

Shamel, H. H. 1931. Notes on the American bats of the genus Tadarida. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 78, 1027.

Silva, M. M. S., Harmani, N. M. S., Gonçalves, E. F. B. & Uieda, W. 1996. Bats form the metropolitan region of São Paul, Southeastern Brazil. Chiroptera Neotropical 2(1), 39--41.

Simmons, N. B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D. E. Wilson & D. M. Reeder (Eds.), Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, 3rd ed. pp. 312--529. Maryland: John Hopkins University Press.

Sodré, M. M., Gama, A. R., & Almeira, M. F. 2010. Update list of bat species positive for rabbies in Brazil. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 52, 75--81.

Stutz, W. H., Albuquerque, M. C. Uieda, W., Macedo, E. M., & França, B. C. 2004. Updated list of Uberlandia bats (Minas Gerais State, Southeastern Brazil). Chiroptera Neotropical, 10(2), 188--190.

Taddei, V., & Garutti, V. 1981. The Southernmost record of the free-tailed bat, Tadarida aurispinosa. Journal of Mammalogy, 62(4), 851--852.

Tavares, V. C., Aguiar, L. M. S., Perini, F. A., Falcão, F. C., & Gregorin, R. 2010. Bats of the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brasil. Chiroptera Neotropical, 16(1), 675--705.






Short communication