STYLAR MOVEMENT IN Talinum Fruticosum (TALINACEAE): CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS OF THE SPECIES IN POPULATIONS FROM CENTRAL-WEST BRAZIL
Keywords:floral movement, herkogamy, pollination, Pantanal
In plant species, the movement of reproductive structures can be an adaptive advantage in mating system studies. This phenomenon can promote outcrossing or cause a reduction in intrafloral male-female sexual interference. Consequently, this contributes to the avoidance of self-pollination and/or delayed autonomous self-pollination. The aim of this short communication is to report the results of assessments done in two natural populations of a native species from central-west Brazil that grows spontaneously and sub-spontaneously in opening and ruderal areas of Pantanal. In this study, the movement of the stigma was recorded throughout floral anthesis, and the mating system was determined. Floral measurements such as: flower opening time, pollen viability and the period that the stigma was receptive were also reported. The formation of fruits by spontaneous self-pollination and cross-pollination reinforces the hypothesis that stylar movement in Talinum fruticosum can facilitate or hinder self-pollination in some situations.
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