James Bradley Thayer, un precursor de la teoría de las presunciones

Raymundo Gama

Resumo


RESUMEN:

James Bradley Thayer es habitualmente conocido en el ámbito del Derecho Constitucional por su conocido ensayo sobre el estándar del control de constitucionalidad (“The Origin and Scope of the American Doctrine of Constitutional Law” [1893]). Sin embargo, Thayer es también una de las figuras más importantes en el ámbito de la prueba en el Derecho. Este trabajo muestra la importancia de Thayer como precursor de la teoría de las presunciones en el derecho y en el razonamiento jurídico. El ensayo de Thayer sobre las presunciones, incluido en su libro A Preliminary Treatise on Evidence at the Common Law (1898), representa el locus classicus para teorizar sobre el concepto de presunción. El trabajo se divide en tres partes. En la primera parte se sitúa a Thayer en contexto. Saber quién es este autor es útil para entender mejor sus ideas. En la segunda parte se presenta la concepción de la prueba de Thayer. Finalmente, la tercera parte está dedicada a exponer la teoría de las presunciones de Thayer y a hacer um balance sobre la relevancia actual de su aportación

 ABSTRACT:

James Bradley Thayer is traditionally known in the field of Constitutional Law for his influential essay on the standard of constitutional review (“The Origin and Scope of the American Doctrine of Constitutional Law” [1893]). However, Thayer is also one of the most outstanding figures in the Law of Evidence. This paper describes Thayer’ significance as a forerunner of the theory of presumptions in Law and legal reasoning. His essay on presumptions, published in his A Preliminary Treatise on Evidence at the Common Law (1898), is the locus classics for theorizing on the concept of presumption. The paper is divided in three parts. The first part puts Thayer’s thought in context. Knowing who the author is will be useful to better understand his ideas. The second part presents Thayer’s conception of evidence. Finally the third part is dedicated to depict Thayer’s theory of presumptions and assess the influence of his contribution today.


Palavras-chave


Derecho probatorio; Razonamiento jurídico; James Bradley Thayer; Presunciones; Evidence Law; Legal Reasoning; Presumptions

Texto completo:

PDF (Español)

Referências


AGUILÓ REGLA, Josep. Nota sobre “Presunciones” de Daniel Mendonca. Doxa: Cuadernos de Filosofa del Derecho, 22, 1999, pp. 649-660.

AGUILÓ REGLA, Josep. Presunciones, verdad y reglas procesales. Isegoría: Revista de filosofía moral y política , 35, 2006, pp. 9-31.

AMERS, James Barr; et al. James Bradley Thayer. Harvard Law Review, 15(8), 1902, pp. 598-609.

ANDRIOLI, Virgilio. Presunzioni (Dirito civile e Dirito processuale civile). In Novissimo Digesto Italiano, Vol. XIII, Turín: UTET, 1966, pp. 766-772.

BEST, William M. A Treatise on Presumptions of Law and Fact, with the Theory and Rules of Presumptive or Circumstantial Proof in Criminal Cases. Philadelphia: T. & J. W. Johnson, 1845.

FERRERES, Víctor. Justicia constitucional y democracia. Madrid: Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales, 1997.

GAMA, Raymundo. Concepciones y tipología de las presunciones en el derecho. Revista de Estudios de la Justicia, núm. 19, 2013, pp. 65-91.

GASCÓN, Marina. Los hechos en el Derecho: bases argumentales de la prueba. Madrid: Marcial Pons, 1999.

GODDEN, David. A theory of presumption for everyday argumentation. Pragmatics and Cognition, 15(2), 2007. HANSEN, Hans. Theories of presumptions and burdens of proof. In Blair, J. Anthony et al. (eds.). Informal Logic: Proceedings of the Windsor Conference. CDROM.

HERNÁNDEZ MARÍN, Rafael. Introducción a la teoría de la norma jurídica. Madrid: Marcial Pons, 1998.

HOOK, Jay. A Brief Life of James Bradley Thayer. Northwestern Law Review, 88, 1, 1993.

HOWE, Mark Dewolfe. The first Law School lecture of James Bradley Thayer. Journal of Legal Education, 2(1), 1949, pp. 1-23.

MENAND, Louis. El Club de los Metafísicos: Historia de Las Ideas en América. Barcelona: Destino, 2002.

MENDELSON, Wallace. The Infuence of James B. Thayer upon the Work of Holmes, Brandeis, and Frankfurter. Vanderbilt Law Review 71, 1978, pp. 71-87.

MENDONCA, Daniel. Presunciones. Doxa: Cuadernos de Filosofa del Derecho, 21, 1998, pp. 83-98.

PERELMAN, Chaïm; FORIERS, Paul. Les présomptions et les fictons en Droit. Bruselas: Bruylant, 1977.

POLLOCK, Frederick. Review of Thayer. Law Quarterly Review, 15, 1899.

RABBAN, David. Law’s History: American Legal Thought and the Transatlantic Turn to History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012.

RESCHER, Nicholas. Presumption and the Practices of Tentative Cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

STEPHEN, James Fitzjames. A Digest of the Law of Evidence. 2. ed. St. Louis: F.H. Thomas and Co., 1879.

TARUFFO, Michele. Presunzioni. In Enciclopedia Giuridica Treccani, Vol. XXIV: Roma, 1991, pp. 1 ss.

TARUFFO, Michele. Studi sulla rilevanza della prova. Padua: CEDAM, 1970.

THAYER, James Bradley. A Preliminary Treatise on Evidence at the Common Law. Londres: Sweet & Maxwell, 1898.

TARUFFO, Michele. A Western Journey with Mr. Emerson. Boston: Litle, Brown and Company, 1884.

TARUFFO, Michele. Origin and Scope of the American Doctrine of Constitutional Law. Harvard Law Review, 7(25), 1893, pp. 129-156.

TILLERS, Peter. Modern Theories of Relevance, 1931-1981. In Wigmore on Evidence. Boston y Toronto: Litle, Brown and Company, 1983, Vol. 1A, Sec. 37, 1.

TWINING, William, Rethinking Evidence: Exploratory Essays. 2ª ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

ULLMANN-MARGALIT, Edna. On Presumption. The Journal of Philosophy 80 (3), 1983, pp .143-163.

VARGA, Csaba; SZÁJER, József. Presumption and Fiction: Means of Legal Technique. Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, 74 (2), 1988, pp. 168-184.

VERDE, Giovanni. Le presunzioni giurisprudenziali. Foro Italiano, V, 1971.

WALTON, Douglas. A Dialogical Theory of Presumption. Artificial Intelligence and Law, 16(2), 2008a.

WALTON, Douglas. Presumption, Burden of Proof and Lack of Evidence. L’Analisi Linguistica e Leteraria, 2008b.

WHATELY, Richard. Elements of Rhetoric. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 1963 [1828].

WIENER, Philip. Evolution and the Founders of Pragmatism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1949.

WIGMORE, John Henry. A treatise on the Anglo-American System of Evidence in Trials at Common Law, Including the Statutes and Judicial Decisions of All Jurisdictions of the United States and Canada. 3a edición. Boston: Litle, Brown and Company, 1937.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21875/tjc.v1i2.9815

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2017 Raymundo Gama

ISSN 2526-0464

INDEXADA EM / INDEXED BY: