Biodiesel Production Using Residual Vegetable Oil and Activated by Geopolymer Matrixes with Magnetic Particles


  • Arícia G. B. da Motta
  • Fabíola da S. Maranhão
  • Daniela Batista
  • Diganta B. Das
  • Sergio Thode Filho IFRJ
  • Fernando Gomes de Souza Junior Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro



Residual vegetable oil, Geopolymer, Magnetite, Biodiesel, Recycling, Cooking oil, Magnetic particles, Biofuel


The cooking oil, when reused in frying, undergoes a thermal degradation process that changes its physical and chemical characteristics. After repeated use of the oil, it becomes viscous and increasingly dark, it has high acidity and unpleasant odor, being inconvenient to use for new fried food because it gives unpleasant odor and taste to food and also harmful chemical characteristics to health. When these residues become unusable usually they are dumped into the sewage system and have a negative environmental impact, for example, in rainwater and sanitary sewage systems the oil mixes with the organic matter and obstructs grease boxes and pipes. Therefore, the recycling of residual vegetable oil is necessary and very useful, because it transforms the oil for other applications, for example, in this work the use of porous geopolymer with magnetic particles in the concentrations of 1%, 2%, and 3% were studied for act on the activation of the biodiesel reaction from the used cooking oil. The geopolymers with and without magnetic particles were studied using Fourrier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). The density, the kinematic viscosity, and yield of the biodiesel formation reaction were investigated. The results, calculated using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with a 95% confidence limit, indicate that all the biodiesel samples analyzed are in accordance with the kinematic viscosity value established by the Agência Nacional do Petróleo, Gás Natural e Biocombustíveis (ANP) but only samples with 0% and 1% magnetic particles have density according to the stipulated parameters.

Author Biography

Fernando Gomes de Souza Junior, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Associate (III) Prof. Fernando Gomes: Expertise focused in the use of renewable resources and nanocomposites in sensors, drug delivery and environmental recovery. Coordination of more than ten research projects with financial support from Brazilian government sponsoring agencies. Published 160 scientific articles plus 13 accepted for publication during 2021. Published 8 books. Among them,3 chemistry books in Portuguese and 3 books about Biopolymers in English. He has published more than two hundred papers in Conferences and Scientific meetings. Co-convener of the Sixth International Conference on Natural Polymers, Biopolymers and biomaterials: Applications from macro to nanoscale (, Chairman of the Fifth International Conference on Natural Polymers, Biopolymers and biomaterials: Applications from macro to nanoscale ( and Chaiman of the 1st Brazilian Conference on Design of Experiments and Data Analysis ( Supervisor of 128 undergraduate students; 29 M.Sc. students, 14 Ph.D. students and 6 Post Doc. Nowadays I am the supervisor of 11 undergraduate students; 7 M.Sc. students, 10 Ph.D. students and 3 Post Doc. Associate Editor of the MedCrave Online Journal (MOJ) Polymer Science (ISSN: 2574-9773) since 2017. Editor of the Academic Journal of Polymer Science (ISSN: 2641-8282), since 2018. Member of the Editorial Board of Composite Interfaces (ISSN: 0927-6440), since 2021. Member of the editorial board of Current Applied Polymer Science (ISSN 2452-2716) since 2016 and Editor-in-Chief of Current Applied Polymer Science (ISSN 2452-2716) since 2020. Professor Gomes has founded the Brazilian Journal of Experimental Design, Data Analysis and Inferential Statistics in 2021, acting as its 1st Editor-in-Chief. Awardedtwice as Young Scientist of Rio de Janeiro State (FAPERJ 2011 and 2014), Chair Professorship on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - Mahatma Gandhi University – India (2018), member of Post Graduate Program in Science and Technology of Polymers of the Macromolecules Institute / Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) since 2008, member of Post Graduate Program in Civil Engineering (COPPE/UFRJ) between 2015-2019 and member of Post Graduate Program in Nanotechnology (COPPE/UFRJ) since 2019.