Use of Static Method to remove Heavy Metal of the Contaminated Water, using Porous Geopolymer and Magnetically Loaded


  • Fabíola da Silveira Maranhão
  • Fernando Gomes de Souza Junior Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
  • Bryan Henrique Oliveira de Athayde
  • Ana Isa Peréz
  • Felipe Ferreira de Carvalho
  • Adan Lino
  • Sergio Thode Filho IFRJ
  • Diganta B. Das



Geopolymer, Magnetic charge, Heavy metals, Cádmium, Cromium, Lead, Sorption


Due to several catastrophic fires in France involving flammable organic plastics, Davidovits began his search for new materials resistant to heat, developing an alkaline activated silico-aluminous material, which was called a geopolymer. The polymeric Si-O-Al network gives the geopolymer ion exchange property, allowing the immobilization of heavy and radioactive metals within the material matrix. Due to the geopolymer's characteristic of immobilizing heavy metals in its matrix, this project aims to evaluate the geopolymer's ability to absorb heavy metals in contaminated water. For this, samples of porous geopolymers with magnetic charges in concentrations of 1, 2 and 3% were produced. And, subsequently, toxic metal solutions were made, such as Chromium, Cadmium and Lead at a concentration of 3ppm, then the sorption was carried out using the static method, where 0.5 g of the gepopolymer was dispersed in 25 ml of contaminated water and left stirring for 5 minutes, with the aid of a mechanical stirrer, and left to rest for 24 hours for the geopolymer to settle and the supernatant to be collected (this procedure was performed for geopolymers with and without magnetic charges). Afterwards, the treated water was analyzed by the atomic absorption technique, in order to investigate the geopolymer's sorption capacity. All tests were performed in triplicate and the mean, standard deviation and 95% confidence limit were evaluated to determine the reliability of the results.

Author Biography

Fernando Gomes de Souza Junior, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Associate (III) Prof. Fernando Gomes: Expertise focused in the use of renewable resources and nanocomposites in sensors, drug delivery and environmental recovery. Coordination of more than ten research projects with financial support from Brazilian government sponsoring agencies. Published 160 scientific articles plus 13 accepted for publication during 2021. Published 8 books. Among them,3 chemistry books in Portuguese and 3 books about Biopolymers in English. He has published more than two hundred papers in Conferences and Scientific meetings. Co-convener of the Sixth International Conference on Natural Polymers, Biopolymers and biomaterials: Applications from macro to nanoscale (, Chairman of the Fifth International Conference on Natural Polymers, Biopolymers and biomaterials: Applications from macro to nanoscale ( and Chaiman of the 1st Brazilian Conference on Design of Experiments and Data Analysis ( Supervisor of 128 undergraduate students; 29 M.Sc. students, 14 Ph.D. students and 6 Post Doc. Nowadays I am the supervisor of 11 undergraduate students; 7 M.Sc. students, 10 Ph.D. students and 3 Post Doc. Associate Editor of the MedCrave Online Journal (MOJ) Polymer Science (ISSN: 2574-9773) since 2017. Editor of the Academic Journal of Polymer Science (ISSN: 2641-8282), since 2018. Member of the Editorial Board of Composite Interfaces (ISSN: 0927-6440), since 2021. Member of the editorial board of Current Applied Polymer Science (ISSN 2452-2716) since 2016 and Editor-in-Chief of Current Applied Polymer Science (ISSN 2452-2716) since 2020. Professor Gomes has founded the Brazilian Journal of Experimental Design, Data Analysis and Inferential Statistics in 2021, acting as its 1st Editor-in-Chief. Awardedtwice as Young Scientist of Rio de Janeiro State (FAPERJ 2011 and 2014), Chair Professorship on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - Mahatma Gandhi University – India (2018), member of Post Graduate Program in Science and Technology of Polymers of the Macromolecules Institute / Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) since 2008, member of Post Graduate Program in Civil Engineering (COPPE/UFRJ) between 2015-2019 and member of Post Graduate Program in Nanotechnology (COPPE/UFRJ) since 2019.