Production of Handmade Paper from the Sugar Cane Bagasse Pulping


  • Fabíola da Silveira Maranhão
  • Daniela Batista O. Gaspar
  • Cintia Patricia Santos da Paixão
  • Thuanny Moraes de Almeida
  • Emanuele Nunes de Lima Figueiredo Jorge IFRJ
  • Sérgio Thode Filho IFRJ
  • Fernando Gomes de Souza Junior Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
  • Ana Carolina Valle da Silva



Recycling, Residual Biomass, Sugarcane Bagasse, Paper, Statistical Analysis


Nowadays, Brazil is considered the leading country, worldwide, in the production of sugarcane. Therefore, it is also the largest producer of residual biomass: the sugarcane bagasse. This is produced in different activities, such as biofuel, beverage, and sugar production. As all conventional waste, if improperly disposed of it can impact the environment and therefore, it is necessary to use methods to recover this biomass so that it can be returned as a consumer good. Thus, this work aims to use sugarcane bagasse from pastry shops in Duque de Caxias, RJ, to produce paper using homemade techniques. In this sense, the pulping method was performed by cooking the fibers in a pressure cooker in alkaline medium, washing and drying. Subsequently, the fibers obtained were molded on an A4 screen. Two sheets and three replicas were produced. The results obtained showed that the paper production was efficient and the physical measurements, grammage, area, mass, thickness, height and width, calculated by ANOVA and Tukey's Method showed equal values in each case, which indicates the quality of the production. In addition, the physical characteristics classified them as Kraft type paper, which can be used in craft activities.

Author Biography

Fernando Gomes de Souza Junior, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Associate (III) Prof. Fernando Gomes: Expertise focused in the use of renewable resources and nanocomposites in sensors, drug delivery and environmental recovery. Coordination of more than ten research projects with financial support from Brazilian government sponsoring agencies. Published 160 scientific articles plus 13 accepted for publication during 2021. Published 8 books. Among them,3 chemistry books in Portuguese and 3 books about Biopolymers in English. He has published more than two hundred papers in Conferences and Scientific meetings. Co-convener of the Sixth International Conference on Natural Polymers, Biopolymers and biomaterials: Applications from macro to nanoscale (, Chairman of the Fifth International Conference on Natural Polymers, Biopolymers and biomaterials: Applications from macro to nanoscale ( and Chaiman of the 1st Brazilian Conference on Design of Experiments and Data Analysis ( Supervisor of 128 undergraduate students; 29 M.Sc. students, 14 Ph.D. students and 6 Post Doc. Nowadays I am the supervisor of 11 undergraduate students; 7 M.Sc. students, 10 Ph.D. students and 3 Post Doc. Associate Editor of the MedCrave Online Journal (MOJ) Polymer Science (ISSN: 2574-9773) since 2017. Editor of the Academic Journal of Polymer Science (ISSN: 2641-8282), since 2018. Member of the Editorial Board of Composite Interfaces (ISSN: 0927-6440), since 2021. Member of the editorial board of Current Applied Polymer Science (ISSN 2452-2716) since 2016 and Editor-in-Chief of Current Applied Polymer Science (ISSN 2452-2716) since 2020. Professor Gomes has founded the Brazilian Journal of Experimental Design, Data Analysis and Inferential Statistics in 2021, acting as its 1st Editor-in-Chief. Awardedtwice as Young Scientist of Rio de Janeiro State (FAPERJ 2011 and 2014), Chair Professorship on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - Mahatma Gandhi University – India (2018), member of Post Graduate Program in Science and Technology of Polymers of the Macromolecules Institute / Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) since 2008, member of Post Graduate Program in Civil Engineering (COPPE/UFRJ) between 2015-2019 and member of Post Graduate Program in Nanotechnology (COPPE/UFRJ) since 2019.