Synthesis and Characterization of Modified Magnetic Nanoparticles for Removal of Dispersed Oil in Water

Fabíola da Silveira Maranhão, Caroline Pereira de Oliveira, Sergio Thode Filho, Diganta B. Das, Fernando Gomes de Souza Junior


This paper proposes the synthesis of materials capable of sorption oil dispersed in water. From the production of magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles, more specifically magnetite, inorganic modifications were performed using quartz and silicaalumina, in order to identify their properties and sorption capabilities of oil. The produced materials were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS), x-ray diffraction (XRD), sorption and magnetic force tests. At the end of the characterizations and tests, it was concluded that the magnetic nanoparticles were successfully modified. Regarding magnetite, the sorption capacity was outstanding, while the modifications had the same sorption capacity. And the statistical calculations obtained by ANOVA and Tukey's method, proved the difference in the sorption of the samples. In addition, it was evidenced that the higher the magnetic force, the greater is the ability to collect the spot/nanoparticle using a magnet.


Petroleum; Magnetic Nanoparticles; Magnetite; Quartz; Silica-alumina

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