• Priscilla Lóra Zangrandi
  • Maja Kajin
  • Marcus Vinícius Vieira




cohort, life-history strategy, mortality, reproduction, semelparous, survival


Semelparity, the life-history strategy characterized by death after first reproduction, is restricted
in mammals to only two marsupial families, Dasyuridae in Australasia and Didelphidae in the Neotropics. Among didelphids, studies suggest a semelparous pattern for mouse opossums of the genus Marmosops. These studies have revealed that both sexes may have low survival rates after reproduction in two distinct Atlantic Forest populations. However, the semelparous strategy, which is usually considered a speciesspecific trait, can also be found in only some populations of Dasyuridae species. Thus, in this study, we aimed to investigate the occurrence of the semelparous life strategy in a population of M. incanus in an Atlantic Forest area of the PARNA Serra dos Órgãos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, through survival estimates using 13-year capture-mark-recapture data from a long-term population study. We established cohorts, grouping the capture histories of individuals born by the end of the breeding season. We built a global model in which survival and recapture rates vary with time and between sexes, in addition to the interaction between these factors. Model selection and averaged survival estimates were in accordance with the semelparous strategy
for this population of M. incanus, with survival being affected by both sex and time. Even though we found that the survival of females was higher than that of males as expected, the difference was small. Here we confirm that another population of M. incanus displays a semelparous life-history strategy, supporting previous considerations of museums specimens. Nonetheless, the causes and mechanisms of semelparity in didelphid species are still to be understood.


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