FROM THE “SMALL DOLL” UNTIL “PROSTITUTE’S PUPIL” THROUGH ARGYLL ROBERTSON: THE ARGYLL ROBERTSON´S SIGN, ONE HUNDRED FIFTY YEARS FROM HIS FINDINGS (1869)

M. da Mota Gomes

Resumo


A tiny structure, the pupil, attracts too much attention, since the antiquity. The pupil as part of the “‘window of/to the soul”, the eyes, it can demonstrate a clinical disorder sign, or simply a psychological expression. In this paper, it is studied the situation in which the pupillary reflex to light is compromised, but the accommodation reflex is preserved, what is named after Argyll Robertson, the first Scottish ophthalmologist, who besides described the signal (1869), he also
tried to defined its clinical significance. Afterwards, it was clearly demonstrated
its relationship with tertiary neurosyphilis.


Palavras-chave


Neurologia

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Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.