TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS IN CHILDHOOD: NEW ASPECTS OF NEUROLOGIC COMPLICATIONS

Monara Kedma Nunes, Diandra Martins e Silva, Fernanda Sousa, ohn Sousa, Lysnara Lial, Marcela Rodriguez de Freitas, Marco Orsini, Valécia Carvalho, Kaline Rocha, Silmar Teixeira, Victor Hugo Bastos

Resumo


Tuberculous Meningitis (TBM) is a severe manifestation of tuberculosis that represents 1% of the cases of infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Children are among the other age groups the most affected and when present, HIV-1 is responsible for poorer prognosis. It was carried out a search on the databases of Pubmed, Lilacs and Scielo, looking for articles that approach the principals news aspects of neurologic complications caused by TBM. The literature cite as
major neurologic fndings the hydrocephalus in approximately 80% patients, meningeal irritation, coma, seizures, intracranial pressure signs, cranial nerve palsy, hemiparesis and disorders in the movement. Neurologic sequelae occur in up to 50% of survivors and early diagnosis is crucial to reduce the occurrence of major functional losses. In this way, discussions presenting more specifc methods for TBM as well as better assessment of the signs and symptoms of the
disease is necessary for a better prognosis and lower mortality rate of these patients

Palavras-chave


Neurologia ; Tuberculose ; Hidrocefalia

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