Crises de Hegemonia e Aceleração da História Social

Beverly Silver, Corey Payne

Resumo


Este artigo examina a relação entre hegemonias mundiais e protesto social. O aumento do protesto social global e a incapacidade dos poderes governantes de abordar suas raízes estão entre os sinais de que entramos em uma crise de hegemonia dos Estados Unidos e em um período de profundo caos sistêmico. Esse caos sistêmico é análogo ao que caracterizou as transições da hegemonia holandesa para a britânica e da hegemonia britânica para a norte-americana. Historicamente, o surgimento de novas hegemonias pressupõe uma potência ascendente com capacidade e visão para fornecer soluções reformistas aos desafios revolucionários. Esses desafios em nível de sistema tornaram-se mais amplos e profundos de uma transição para a seguinte, levando a uma “aceleração da história social”. Devido aos limites ecológicos do capi- talismo e à mudança no equilíbrio de poder entre o Norte e o Sul globais, as soluções reformistas que (temporariamente) funcionaram no passado não são mais suficientes.


Palavras-chave


Hegemonia; Crise; Protesto Social; Capitalismo

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Esta obra está licenciada sob uma licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

Revista do Laboratório de Estudos sobre Hegemonia e Contra-Hegemonia (LEHC/UFRJ), sediado no IRID/UFRJ e associado ao PEPI/UFRJ

Apoio: Rede Relações Internacionais e Marxismo (RIMA)

Laboratório de Estudos Marxistas (LEMA/UFRJ)

Grupo de Pesquisa Revoluções e Contra-Revoluções (UnB)

Setor de Estudos sobre Sociedade e Meio-Ambiente (SESMA/UENF)