TAXONOMIA E FILOGENIA DE PEIXES DE RIACHOS BRASILEIROS

Paulo Andreas Buckup

Abstract


A fauna de peixes de riachos brasileiros compreende 40 famílias de peixes teleósteos de água doce. O conhecimento sobre a sistemática e filogenia deste conjunto de espécies ampliou-se consideravelmente nas últimas duas décadas, porém ainda é muito heterogêneo, havendo grupos sobre os quais pouco se conhece, assim como grupos para os quais há chaves de identificação e hipóteses filogenéticas recentes e bem documentadas. O número de famílias de peixes de água com presença frequente em riachos brasileiros ampliou-se de 31 para 40. Este crescimento no conhecimento da diversidade dos peixes neotropicais refletiu-se no grande desenvolvimento das hipóteses sobre sua evolução e contribuiu para o entendimento da história filogenética e estruturação das comunidades de peixes de riachos.

TAXONOMY AND PHYLOGENY OF FISHES FROM BRAZILIAN SMALL STREAMS: The fish fauna occurring in Brazilian small streams comprises 36 families of teleost freshwater fishes. The systematics and phylogenetic knowledge about this fauna greatly expanded during the last two decades, but is still very heterogeneous. For some taxonomic groups there are taxonomic identification keys and well-documented phylogenetic hypotheses, while other groups are mostly comprised by poorly known species. The increase in the knowledge of Neotropical fish diversity was associated with the significant growth of hypotheses about their evolution and contributed to the understanding of the phylogenetic history of fish comunities and their structure in small streams.

Keywords


biodiversity; classification; phylogeny; small streams; systematics

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4257/oeco.2021.2502.01

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