LIVE BAIT TRADE AS A PATHWAY FOR THE INTRODUCTION OF NON-NATIVE SPECIES: THE FIRST RECORD OF Dilocarcinus pagei IN THE PARANAPANEMA RIVER BASIN

Diego Azevedo Zoccal Garcia, Armando César Rodrigues Casimiro, Iago Vinicios Geller, João Daniel Ferraz, Lucas Ribeiro Jarduli, Mário Luís Orsi

Abstract


We report cases of live bait introductions in Brazilian freshwater ecosystems and the first occurrence of the crab Dilocarcinus pagei, which is native from the Paraguay-Lower Paraná River, in the Paranapanema River basin. The literature review revealed 16 species used as live baits across Brazil, the crab D. pagei and 15 fish species. During our field samplings, we have captured 10 individuals of D. pagei. Gymnotiformes, which is native mainly from the Paraguay-Lower Paraná River, was the most common fish order that was used as live bait. The river basins that had introduction cases detected in our study were Upper Paraná, Iguaçu, and Paraíba do Sul Rivers. The Paraguay-Lower Paraná River was the system that had contributed with nine species to the most invaded ecoregion in Brazil, the Upper Paraná River basin. Anglers and live bait farmers should be aware of the risks and consequences of these constant introductions. In addition, the live bait trade must be monitored and controlled to use only native species within their original distribution range.


Keywords


biodiversity loss; conservation; neotropical; South America; vector.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abell R., Thieme M. L., Revenga C., Bryer M., Kottelat M., Bogutskaya N., Coad B., Mandrak N., Balderas S. C., Bussing W., Stiassny M. L. J., Skelton P., Allen G. R., Unmack P., Naseka A., Ng R., Sindorf N., Robertson J., Armijo E., Higgins J. V., Heibel T. J., Wikramanayake E., Olson D., López H. L., Reis R. E., Lundberg J. G., Pérez M. H. S., & Petry P. 2008. Freshwater ecoregions of the world: a new map of biogeographic units for freshwater biodiversity conservation. BioScience, 58(5), 403–414. DOI: 10.1641/B580507

Agostinho, A. A., Pavanelli, C. S., Suzuki, H. I., Latini, J. D., Gomes, L. C., Hahn, N. S., Fugi, R., & Domingues, W. M. 2002. Reservatório de Salto Caxias: bases ecológicas para o manejo. Maringá, PR: UEM/Nupelia/Copel: p. 272.

Agostinho, A. A., Gomes, L. C., Santos, N. C. L., Ortega, J. C. G., & Pelicice, F. M. 2016. Fish assemblages in Neotropical reservoirs: colonization patterns, impacts and management. Fisheries Research, 173(1), 26–36. DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2015.04.006

Alho, C. 2020. Environmental effects of the unsustainable harvest of live bait for sport fishing in the Pantanal Wetland – a review. Oecologia Austalis

Arlinghaus, R., & Cooke, S. J. 2009. Recreational fisheries: socioeconomic importance, conservation issues and management challenges. In: B. Dickson, J. Hutton & W. M. Adams (Eds.), Recreational hunting, conservation and rural livelihoods: science and practice. pp. 39–58. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Azevedo-Santos, V. M., & Lima-Stripari, N. 2010. Primeiro registro de Dilocarcinus pagei Stimpson, 1861 (Decapoda, Trichodactylidae) no estado de Minas Gerais. Biotemas, 23(2), 199–202.

Baumgartner, D., Baumgartner, G., Pavanelli, C. S., Silva, P. R. L., Frana, V. A., Oliveira, L. C., & Michelon, M. R. 2006. Fish, Salto Osório Reservoir, Iguaçu River basin, Paraná State, Brazil. Check List, 2(1), 1–4. DOI: 10.15560/2.1.1

Baumgartner, G., Pavanelli, C. S., Baumgartner, D., Bifi, A. G., Debona, T., & Frana, V. A. 2012. Peixes do baixo rio Iguaçu. Maringá, PR: Eduem: p. 203.

Brito, M. F. G., Magalhães, A. L. B., Lima-Junior, D. P., Pelicice, F. M., Azevedo-Santos, V. M., Garcia, D. A. Z., Cunico, A. M., & Vitule, J. R. S. 2018. Brazil naturalizes non-native species. Science, 361(6398), 139. DOI: 10.1126/science.aau3368

Britski, H. A., Silimon, K. Z. S., & Lopes, B. S. 2007. Peixes do Pantanal: manual de identificação. Brasília, DF: Embrapa Informação Tecnológica: p. 228.

Britton, J. R., & Orsi, M. L. 2012. Non-native fish in aquaculture and sport fishing in Brazil: economic benefits versus risks to fish diversity in the upper River Paraná Basin. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 22, 555–565. DOI: 10.1007/s11160-012-9254-x

Catella, A. C., Silva, J. M. V., & Jesus, V. M. F. 2009. Comércio de iscas vivas no Pantanal de Mato Grosso do Sul. Corumbá, MS: Embrapa Pantanal: p. 42.

Catella, A. C., Campos, F. L. R., & Albuquerque, S. P. 2017. Sistema de Controle da Pesca de Mato Grosso do Sul – SCPESCA/MS23-2016. Boletim de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento 133, 1–61.

Daga, V. S., & Gubiani, É. A. 2012. Variations in the endemic fish assemblage of a global freshwater ecoregion: associations with introduced species in cascading reservoirs. Acta Oecologica, 41, 95–105. DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2012.04.005

Daga, V. S., Debona, T., Abilhoa, V., Gubiani, É. A., & Vitule, J. R. S. 2016. Non-native fish invasions of a Neotropical ecoregion with high endemism: a review of the Iguaçu River. Aquatic Invasions, 11(2), 209–223. DOI:10.3391/ai.2016.11.2.10

Dagosta, F. C. P., & Pinna, M. C. C. 2019. The fishes of the Amazon: distribution and biogeographical patterns, with a comprehensive list of species. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 431.

Do Prado, F. D., Hashimoto, D. T., Senhorini, J. A., Foresti F., & Porto-Foresti F. 2012. Detection of hybrids and genetic introgression in wild stocks of two catfish species (Siluriformes: Pimelodidae): The impact of hatcheries in Brazil. Fisheries Research, 125-126, 300–305. DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2012.02.030

Drake, D. A. R, & Mandrak, N. E. 2014. Ecological risk of live bait fisheries: a new angle on selective fishing. Fisheries, 39(5), 201–211. DOI: 10.1080/03632415.2014.903835

Embratur. 2018. Embratur firma parceria para desenvolver turismo de pesca esportiva. Instituto Brasileiro do Turismo. (Retrieved on July 17th, 2019, from http://www.embratur.gov.br/piembratur-new/opencms/salaImprensa/noticias/arquivos/Embratur_firma_parceria_para_desenvolver_Turismo_de_Pesca_Esportiva.html).

Eschmeyer, W. N., Fricke, R., & Van der Laan, R. 2019. Catalog of fishes: genera, species, references. (Retrieved on July 04th, 2019, from http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.as).

Faria-Pereira, L. P., Hilsdorf, A. W. S., Albert, J., Paiva, M. J. T. R., & Galvão, M. S. N. 2019. Molecular assessment of Gymnotus spp. (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) fishing used as live baitfish in the Tietê River, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology, 17(4). DOI: 10.1590/1982-0224-20190075

Gallardo, B., Clavero, M., Sánchez, M. I., & Vilà, M. 2016. Global ecological impacts of invasive species in aquatic ecosystems. Global Change Biology, 22(1), 151–163. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13004

Garcia, D. A. Z., Hernandes, M. C., Silva-Souza, Â. T., & Orsi, M. L. 2015. Establishment of non-native predator (Pisces, Erythrinidae) in a tributary of the Upper Paraná River basin, south Brazil. Neotropical Biology and Conservation, 10(3), 177–181. DOI: 10.4013/nbc.2015.103.08

Goodwin, A. E., Peterson, J. E., Meyers, T. R., & Money, D. J. 2004. Transmission of exotic fish viruses: the relative risks of wild and cultured bait. Fisheries 29(5), 19–23. DOI: 10.1577/1548-8446(2004)29[19:TOEFV]2.0.CO;2

Graça, W. J., & Pavanelli, C. S. 2007. Peixes da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná e áreas adjacentes. Maringá, PR: Eduem: p. 241.

Henriques, M. B., Fagundes, L., Petesse, M. Z., Silva, N. J. R., Rezende, K. F. O., & Barbieri, E. 2018. Lambari fish Deuterodon iguape as an alternative to live bait for estuarine recreational fishing. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 25(5), 400–407. DOI: 10.1111/fme.12308

Júlio Júnior, H. F., Dei Tós, C., Agostinho, A. A., & Pavanelli, C. S. 2009. A massive invasion of fish species after eliminating a natural barrier in the upper rio Paraná basin. Neotropical Ichthyology, 7(4), 709–718.

Kilian, J. V., Klauda, R. J., Widman, S., Kashiwagi, M., Bourguin, R., Weglein, S., & Schuster, J. 2012. An assessment of a bait industry and angler behavior as a vector of invasive species. Biological Invasions, 14, 1469-1481. DOI: 10.1007/s10530-012-0173-5

Langeani, F., Castro, R. M. C., Oyakawa, O. T., Shibatta, O. A., Pavanelli, C. S., & Casatti, L. 2007. Diversidade da ictiofauna do Alto rio Paraná: composição atual e perspectivas futuras. Biota Neotropica, 7(3), 181–197. DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032007000300020

Latini, A. O., Resende, D. C., Pombo, V. B., & Coradin, L. 2016. Espécies exóticas invasoras de águas continentais no Brasil. Brasília, DF: MMA, (Série Biodiversidade, 39): p. 791.

Magalhães, C., Bueno, S. L., Bond-Buckup, G., Valenti, W. C., Silva, H. M., Kiyohara, F., Mossolin, E. C., & Rocha, S. 2005. Exotic species of freshwater decapod crustaceans in the state of São Paulo, Brazil: records and possible causes of their introduction. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14: 1929–1945. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-004-2123-8

Magalhães, A. L. B., & Vitule, J. R. S. 2013. Aquarium industry threatens biodiversity. Science, 341, 457. DOI: 10.1126/science.341.6145.457-a

Margarido, V. P., Bellafronte, E., & Moreira-Filho, O. 2007. Cytogenetic analysis of three sympatric Gymnotus (Gymnotiformes, Gymnotidae) species verifies invasive species in the Upper Paraná River basin, Brazil. Journal of Fish Biology, 70(Supplement B), 155–164. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2007.01365.x

Mussato, J. H. M., Vercesi, K., & Hayd, L. A. 2019. Redução da mortalidade de Dilocarcinus pagei durante o armazenamento in loco, no Pantanal de Porto Murtinho, Brasil. Oecologia Australis, 23(4), 1091–1099. DOI: 10.4257/oeco.2019.2304.29

Orsi, M. L., Almeida, F. S., Swarça, A. C., Claro-García, A., Vianna, N. C., Garcia, D.A.Z., & Bialetzki, A. 2016. Ovos, larvas e juvenis dos peixes da Bacia do Rio Paranapanema uma avaliação para a conservação. Assis, SP: Triunfal Gráfica e Editora: p. 136.

Ortega, J. C. G., Júlio Jr., H. F., Gomes, L. C., & Agostinho, A. A. 2015. Fish farming as the main driver of fish introductions in Neotropical reservoirs. Hydrobiologia, 746, 147–158, DOI: 10.1007/s10750-014-2025-z

Ota, R. R, Deprá, G. C., Graça, W. J., & Pavanelli, C. S. 2018. Peixes da planície de inundação do alto rio Paraná e áreas adjacentes: revised, annotated and updated. Neotropical Ichthyology, 16(2), e170094. DOI: 10.1590/1982-0224-20170094

Porto-Foresti, F., Oliveira, C., Foresti, F., & Almeida, R. B. C. 2001. Uma espécie de pequeno porte e grandes possibilidades. Panorama da Aquicultura. (Retrieved on July 04th, 2019, from http://panoramadaaquicultura.com.br/cultivo-do-lambari/).

Reis, R. E., Kullander, S. O., & Ferraris, Jr. C. J. 2003. Check list of freshwater fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre, RS: Edipucrs: p. 742.

Seebens H., Blackburn T. M., Dyer E. E., Genovesi P., Hulme P. E., Jeschke J. M., Pagad S., Pysek P., Winter M., Arianoutsou M., Bacher S., Blasius B., Brundu G., Capinha C., Celesti-Grapow L., Dawson W., Dullinger S., Fuentes N., Jäger H., Kartesz J., Kenis M., Kreft H., Kühn I., Lenzner B., Liebhold A., Mosena A., Moser D., Nishino M., Pearman D., Pergl J., Rabitsch W., Rojas-Sandoval J., Roques S., Roy H. E., Scalera R., Schindler S., Stajerová K., Tokarska-Guzik B., Kleunen M. V., Walker K., Weigelt P., Yamanaka T., & Essl F. 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species Worldwide. Nature Communications, 8, 14435. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms14435

Sousa, T. P., Marques, D. K. S., Vitorino, C. A., Faria, K. C., Braga, G. F. S., Ferreira, D. C., & Vener, P. C. 2017. Cytogenetic and molecular data support the occurrence of three Gymnotus species (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) used as live bait in Corumbá, Brazil: implications for conservation and management of professional fishing. Zebrafish, 14(2), 177–186. DOI: 10.1089/zeb.2016.1356

Vitule, J. R. S., Occhi, T. V. T., Kang, B., Matsuzaki, S.I., Bezerra, L. A., Daga, V. S., Faria L., Frehse, F. A., Walter, F., Padial, A. A. 2019. Intra-country introductions unraveling global hotspot of alien fish species. Biodiversity and Conservation, 28, 3037–3043. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-019-01815-7

Zeni, J. O., Pérez-Mayorga, M. A., Roa-Fuentes, C. A., Brejão, G. L., & Casatti, L. 2019. How deforestation drives stream habitat changes and the functional structure of fish assemblages in different tropical regions. Aquatic Conservation, 29(8), 1238–1552. DOI: 10.1002/aqc.3128




DOI: https://doi.org/10.4257/oeco.2021.2503.14

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 SCImago Journal & Country Rank