SHARING THE NATURE: MAMMALS AND NEIGHBOR HUMAN POPULATION OF A PROTECTED AREA IN THE ATLANTIC FOREST, BRAZIL

Rodrigo Paulo da Cunha Araújo, André Lucas Amaral Monteiro Rodrigues, Maron Galliez

Abstract


The establishment of protected areas is central for biodiversity conservation, but it may cause conflicts between the environmental agencies and the local citizens. In this study we aimed to survey the medium and large sized mammals in an Atlantic Forest protected area located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. We also aimed to understand how the local citizens felt about the establishment of the Paraíso Unit. Between June and December 2015, we used 1,754 camera-days to record the mammals of Três Picos State Park – Paraíso Unit. To assess the citizens’ felling about the Paraíso Unit, we conducted 25 interviews. We recorded 10 species, belonging to seven orders, classified into four dietary guilds. Among recorded species, four species are considered vulnerable in the state of Rio de Janeiro: Puma concolor, Leopardus pardalis, Pecari tajacu, and Cuniculus paca. A part of the citizens claimed losses in their activities. The main complaints were about the lack of dialogue with the park administration, the restricted access to waterfalls and trails inside the park and downturn in local commerce. According to the interviewed residents, the poaching pressure was greater on C. paca, Dasypus novemcinctus, and Dasyprocta leporina. To minimize the conflicts Paraíso Unit must improve the protected area governance, implementing its management plan in a participatory, inclusive and equity way.


Keywords


species inventory; environmental conflicts; anthropogenic impacts

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4257/oeco.2020.2403.16

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